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Revised Plan of the House of the Lord, circa 10 August–circa 4 September 1833

Revised Plan of the House of the Lord, circa 10 August–circa 4 September 1833

An explanation of the following pattern.
This house for the presidency is to be built first in Zion; and is  to be 97 feet long, and 61 feet wide within the walls, and divided  [a]nd arranged in the following manner, viz: No. 1 is to represent a pul [pi]t for the President of the high priesthood; No. 2. Do. for and his counsellors; No. 2. D[itt]o  [for] the bishop and his counsellors; No. 3. Do. for the high priests, and No 4. Do. for  [the] elders. These seats are to occupy 9 by 14 feet, and are elevated as follows,  [v]iz the first, or No 4. one foot; the next, or No. 3. 2 feet, the next, or No. 2 3. feet  the next, or No. 1. 4 feet. The three highest are to have each three Coves or  stands for their respective speakers. The seats on each side are to be occu pied by visiting brethren of the same grade of office, occupying 6 by 14 feet, and  elevated as follows, viz: The first, or No. 4. are to be raised 8 inches, the second, or  [No.] 3. 16 inches; the third, or No. 2. 24 inches; the third <fourth> or No. 4 1. 32. inches. No.s 5, 6, 7, & 8, in  [t]he east end of the inner court represent pulpits to be oocupied by the les ser priesthood, as follows, viz: No. 5. by the presidency; No. 6. by the priests; No. 7 by  the teachers, and No. 8 by the deacons. The side seats to be occupied by visiting of [fi]cers of the same grade. The pulpits in the east are to be built after the  [sam]e form, and elevated in the same manner as those in the west, all  e off with pannel work in the best workmanlike manner.  No. 9 represents five seats containing 12 by 14 feet, in each corner of the  house, to be occupied by singers, constructed so as to face the respect ive pulpits, and elevated as follows, viz: The seat nearest the pulpit  is to raise rise 6 inches, the next 12 inches, and so on to the last, one rising  6 inches higher than the other. No. 10 represents two rows of pews, one  on each side of the house containing 45 by 14 feet, and divided into  [f]ourteen rows <of seats> each. No. 11 represents two tiers of pews, contain [in]g 25 by 12½ feet each, and each tier divided into fourteen seats each.  N[o.] 12 represents four Aisles, occupying 9 by 14 feet. There may be two   in each aisle, the length of it, that is, 14 feet, one facing west, and the  [other] east. No. 13 represents four fire-places. The chimneys should be con [structe]d in the walls. No. 14 represents two aisles four feet wide, run [ning the] whole length of the inner court from east to west. No. 15  [represent]s four aisles two feet wide between the pulpits. No. 16 represents  [two ve]stries for depositing the sacred furniture of the house.  [No. 17 re]presents stairways and stairs. No. 18 represents four inch  [spac]es marked between the pews, for the purpose of dropping  [a curt]ain or vail, which is to hang in the upper wall, or arch to be  [dropped d]own at pleasure, and divide the house in <to> four parts if  [nece]ssary, the vails crossing at right angles as marked on  plan. No. 19 represents a swing table 2½ feet wide to be raised  [or] let down at pleasure. This table is to hold the bread and wine.  [N]o. 20 represents two seats, one to face each pulpit.
Note 1. Observe, that as there are pulpits in each end of the house,  to avoid the necessity of the backs of the congregation being towards the  [s]peaker at any time, the house must be finished with pews in [s]tead of slips. The seats in the pews must be so constructed that  [th]ey can be slipped, or moved from one side of the pew to the other  [a]t pleasure, and then the congregation can without trouble change  their position at any time, and always face the speaker.
Note 2. The pulpit in the west end of the house is to have vails, so that they may  [be] shut out from the view of the congregation whenever necessary: That is, a vail  will hang between the President of the high priest hood and his counsellors,  and the bishop; between the bishop and his counsellors, and the high  priests; between the high priests and elders; between the elders and the con gregation, that is, four vails. N.B. The pulpits in the east are to be  furnished with vails in the same manner.
Note 3. The stairs are to commence from the outer doors, that is, firstly  a broad step, and another at the angle as you ascend. N.B. The two  doors leading into the inner court are to be double pannel, two feet  each, opening four feet, the whole wedth of the aisles.
Note 4. The upper story is to be finished after the same form of the lower one,  and each story must be at least fifteen feet between the floors.
Note 5. There must be hooks and rings to suspend the vails, or curtains with,  so that they can be raised or let down at pleasure. N.B. Each room is to be  finished with an eliptic arch.
Explanation of the Side View.
This view represents nine forty eight light windows above and below, of  7 by 9 glass. The east window below, opposite the vestry, is to be blind.  [T]he sils and lintels are to be hewn stone. The lintels are to extend each  [w]ay a few inches, as represented on the plan. Gothics tops are to set over each  window upon the lintels as represented on the plan. Raise the windows a  propper distance from the foundations, according to judgment.
The foundation is to be rough stone a sufficient highth, and then  four rows of hewn stone as represented on the plan; the remainder of  the walls of brick of the best kind. Raise the ground round the house  as high as the rough wall. And when all the houses are built upon  the squares, the ground will raise rise at an equal distance from  each.
Explanation of the End View. East.
This represents five windows, and two doors. Four of the windows of   same as those in the side. The middle window is to contain 60  [lig]hts of glass besides the side lights, and the top. The doors are  [to] be double pannel, each door to be 2½ feet wide, and to clear  five feet when open. There are to be side lights as represented,  and also gothic tops. The middle window is to be so set that  the light will reflect above and below, as represented on the plan,  where the line is drawn from side to side. The gable end is to be  finished with a fan light as represented on the plan. N.B. Take the  pitch of the roof from the draft.
Note 1. The east doors are to open opposite the 4 feet aisles.
Note 2. There is to be a window as large as necessary, directly over  the east pulpt, to convey the light from the outer court through to  the inner court.
Note 3. There will be no petition in the upper story, there will be a rail [i]ng over the lower petition far enough east to give room for a suffi cient aisle. The east seats in the pulpits east will need a back work suffi ciently high to rest the back.
Explanation of the End View West.
This represents nine windows; eight of them the same form & size  of the side windows, and the middle one like the middle window  in the east end. N.B. There being an error in putting the upper win dows too low, it was thought needless to finish the plan; you will  therefore put the four common windows above, the proper height.  Also a fan light in the gable end.
It will be nesessary to have fourteen pillars for to support  the building. Commence these pillars with rough stone as low in the  surface as the rough foundation. These pillars are to be reared with in the foundation walls. Wood will answer above the first &  second floors; but they must stand directly over each other:  That is, the pillars upon the first floor, must stand over, or upon  those beneath, and so with these those in the upper story.
☞Remarks.— Those patterns previously sent you, per mail, by our brethren,  were incorrect in some respects; being drawn in grate haste. They have  therefore drawn these, which are correct. The form of the city was  also incorrect, being drawn in haste. also We send you annother.  I have found since my arrival, that our brethren here, have spared no  pains nor labor to assist us in Zion in all things, as fast as they had  understanding communicated to them. They have withheld no revela tions, nor precious knowledge of any kind; neither have they failed,  [i]n the recption of our letters containing questions, to answer them  immediately. I have every reason to believe, that we have often lost  valuable information. In short, I may say, that our brethren here have  always had the warmest feelings of friendship and esteem for us, and  as deep an interest for the cause of Zion as ourselves; and even now,  they pray for her deliverance unceasingly, and manifest a love for  her inhabitants, stronger than death! And although it is manifest, that it is wisdom for me to tarry in this land for a season, yet I can say in truth, that my affections,  my heart, and my all are in Zion— I love her trees— I love her springs— I love her rivers— I love her pearling streams— I love her beautiful and soul- charming landscapes, and rolling prairies— I love her dust— I love her inhabitants, and nothing but their salvation and to do the will of our Lord, would  persuade me to take my life in my hand, and travel amid death and destruction alone a long and lonesome journey. And O, my everlasting father, gra[n]t in th[e]  name of Jesus, that I may meet you again on that holy mountain— O that he would deliver her from her enemies— O that the day of her salvation was now come— And O  that I with you may yet see her wastes exalted, her ruined places built up, her towers reach to heaven, her streets paved with gold, and finally she purified and sanc tified, and bourn triumphant to the bosom of the Father through Christ Jesus our Lord, Amen. God bless you brethren in Christ, is the prayer of your unworthy brother,
[label on drawing]Side View. [p. [1]]
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In June 1833, the church’s high priesthood presidency in Kirtland, Ohio, sent plans to Missouri church leaders for the projected temple and city of Zion. Revisions were later made, and Frederick G. Williams redrew both sketches, which were sent to Missouri sometime in September 1833. The revised drawing for the house of the Lord to be built in Zion included Oliver Cowdery’s handwritten explanations of the modifications.
Williams drafted this revised plat, which was probably carried to Missouri by messenger sometime after 10 August 1833. The document includes a notation, “Drawn by F. G. Williams.”

Facts