53992725

Sidney Rigdon, Appeal to the American People, 1840, Second Edition

aloud for assistance, as he fled from them; and they were on the very eve of stabbing him. A man named John L. Butler

8 Apr. 1808–10 Apr. 1860. Schoolteacher, farmer, cooper, blacksmith. Born at Warren Co. (later Simpson Co.), Kentucky. Son of James Butler and Charity Lowe. Member of Methodist church, then Baptist church. Married Caroline Farzine Skeen, 3 Feb. 1831, at Sumner...

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, seized a billet of wood, and ran furiously upon them, knocking down all he came to, until the rest fled before him, and he rescued Steward out of their hands, having with his own hands whipped some twenty men. The total number of the Saints in this affray did not exceed ten; that of the mob, from fifty to a hundred.
The mob then dispatched a number of their gang to get guns and ammunition, swearing that they would kill all the Saints they could find, or drive them out of Daviess county

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

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, sparing neither men, women or children. The Saints left the ground and went home: few if any of them having voted.
Having in possession several affidavits concerning the election in Daviess county

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
, we here insert them.
State of Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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,)
ss:
County of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

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,)
Before me, Elias Higbee

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

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, one of the Justices of the County Court, within and for the county of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

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aforesaid, personally appeared Samuel Brown, who, being duly sworn, deposeth and saith: That on the 6th day of August, in the year of our Lord, 1838, in the town of Gallatin

Founded and laid out, 1837. Unofficial county seat, beginning 1837. Officially named county seat, 1841. Several Latter-day Saints attempted to vote at Gallatin, 6 Aug. 1838, but were attacked by local residents. After Mormon-Missouri conflict erupted, Saints...

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, in the county of Daviess

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
, and State

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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aforesaid, that at the election in the town

Founded and laid out, 1837. Unofficial county seat, beginning 1837. Officially named county seat, 1841. Several Latter-day Saints attempted to vote at Gallatin, 6 Aug. 1838, but were attacked by local residents. After Mormon-Missouri conflict erupted, Saints...

More Info
aforesaid, one William Peniston

Ca. 1811–10 Nov. 1850. Sheriff, military colonel, clerk, hotelier. Born at Jessamine Co., Kentucky. Son of Robert Peniston and Nancy Nuttle. Moved to Ray Co., Missouri, ca. 1831. A founder of Millport, in what became Daviess Co., Missouri, where family built...

View Full Bio
did make a speech at said election, in the which he represented the heads of the Church of Latter Day Saints, as being liars, counterfeiters, and scoundrels; and that the members of said church, were dupes; and not too good to take a false oath, on any common occasion; that they would steal their property, and that their property he did not consider safe; and that he was opposed to their settling there, and ever would be: and sundry other things, which were calculated to inflame the minds of those present: from which time there appeared to be much excitement against the Saints, and some hard sayings. One Richard Weldon said that the Saints were not allowed to vote in Clay county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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no more than the damned negroes: and the said Weldon made an attempt to strike said deponent, who stept out of the way: In the second attempt to strike, one Mr. Perry Durfee, a Mormon, stepped in and prevented him, holding his arm; and immediately about five or six of those excited against the Mormons, commenced holding and beating said Durfee with clubs and boards, saying kill him, kill him, God damn him, kill him; immediately after which, the fight commenced on both sides, with and without clubs. One of the Mormons, so called, by the name of Jackson Steward, received a cut with a knife or dirk. And further, the said deponent saith, there was, as he considered, no insult offered to said Weldon before he attempted to strike; and that the conversation immediately previous to his attempting to strike, was, that the deponent said to Weldon, “that we would give no man an insult; we will use every man well, and are determined to be used well.” And further, this deponent saith not.
(Signed) SAMUEL BROWN.
Sworn and subscribed to, this fifth day of September, A.D. 1838.
(Signed) ELIAS HIGBEE

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

View Full Bio
,
One of the Justices of the County Court. [p. 17]
aloud for assistance, as he fled from them; and they were on the very  eve of stabbing him. A man named John L. Butler

8 Apr. 1808–10 Apr. 1860. Schoolteacher, farmer, cooper, blacksmith. Born at Warren Co. (later Simpson Co.), Kentucky. Son of James Butler and Charity Lowe. Member of Methodist church, then Baptist church. Married Caroline Farzine Skeen, 3 Feb. 1831, at Sumner...

View Full Bio
, seized a billet  of wood, and ran furiously upon them, knocking down all he came to,  until the rest fled before him, and he rescued Steward out of their  hands, having with his own hands whipped some twenty men. The  total number of the Saints in this affray did not exceed ten; that of  the mob, from fifty to a hundred.
The mob then dispatched a number of their gang to get guns and  ammunition, swearing that they would kill all the Saints they could  find, or drive them out of Daviess county

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
, sparing neither men, wo men or children. The Saints left the ground and went home: few if  any of them having voted.
Having in possession several affidavits concerning the election in  Daviess county

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
, we here insert them.
State of Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
,)
ss:
County of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
,)
Before me, Elias Higbee

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

View Full Bio
, one of the Justices of the County Court,  within and for the county of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
aforesaid, personally appeared  Samuel Brown, who, being duly sworn, deposeth and saith: That on  the 6th day of August, in the year of our Lord, 1838, in the town of  Gallatin

Founded and laid out, 1837. Unofficial county seat, beginning 1837. Officially named county seat, 1841. Several Latter-day Saints attempted to vote at Gallatin, 6 Aug. 1838, but were attacked by local residents. After Mormon-Missouri conflict erupted, Saints...

More Info
, in the county of Daviess

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
, and State

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
aforesaid, that at the  election in the town

Founded and laid out, 1837. Unofficial county seat, beginning 1837. Officially named county seat, 1841. Several Latter-day Saints attempted to vote at Gallatin, 6 Aug. 1838, but were attacked by local residents. After Mormon-Missouri conflict erupted, Saints...

More Info
aforesaid, one William Peniston

Ca. 1811–10 Nov. 1850. Sheriff, military colonel, clerk, hotelier. Born at Jessamine Co., Kentucky. Son of Robert Peniston and Nancy Nuttle. Moved to Ray Co., Missouri, ca. 1831. A founder of Millport, in what became Daviess Co., Missouri, where family built...

View Full Bio
did make a  speech at said election, in the which he represented the heads of the  Church of Latter Day Saints, as being liars, counterfeiters, and  scoundrels; and that the members of said church, were dupes; and  not too good to take a false oath, on any common occasion; that they  would steal their property, and that their property he did not consider  safe; and that he was opposed to their settling there, and ever would  be: and sundry other things, which were calculated to inflame the  minds of those present: from which time there appeared to be much  excitement against the Saints, and some hard sayings. One Richard  Weldon said that the Saints were not allowed to vote in Clay county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
 no more than the damned negroes: and the said Weldon made an  attempt to strike said deponent, who stept out of the way: In the  second attempt to strike, one Mr. [Perry] Durfee, a Mormon, stepped in and  prevented him, holding his arm; and immediately about five or six of  those excited against the Mormons, commenced holding and beating  said Durfee with clubs and boards, saying kill him, kill him, God  damn him, kill him; immediately after which, the fight commenced  on both sides, with and without clubs. One of the Mormons, so called,  by the name of [Jackson] Steward, received a cut with a knife or dirk. And  further, the said deponent saith, there was, as he considered, no insult  offered to said Weldon before he attempted to strike; and that the  conversation immediately previous to his attempting to strike, was,  that the deponent said to Weldon, “that we would give no man an  insult; we will use every man well, and are determined to be used  well.” And further, this deponent saith not.
(Signed) SAMUEL BROWN.
Sworn and subscribed to, this fifth day of September, A.D. 1838.
(Signed) ELIAS HIGBEE

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

View Full Bio
,
One of the Justices of the County Court. [p. 17]
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Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, An Appeal to the American People: Being an Account of the Persecutions of the Church of Latter Day Saints; and of the Barbarities Inflicted on Them by the Inhabitants of the State of Missouri, second edition; i-vi, 7–60 pp.; Cincinnati, OH: Shepard and Stearns, 1840. The copy used herein is held at CHL.

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