1 Oct. 1811–27 Aug. 1841. Clerk, editor. Born in Great Driffield, Yorkshire, England. Member of Methodist church. Immigrated to Upper Canada, 1834. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt, May 1836, in Upper Canada. Ordained an elder by John Taylor, 22 July 1836, in Upper Canada. Resided at Churchville, Chinguacousy Township, York Co. (later in Ontario), Upper Canada, 24 Apr. 1837. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, May 1837. Married Mercy Rachel Fielding, 4 June 1837, in Kirtland. Began serving mission to Upper Canada, June 1837. Returned to Kirtland, Mar. 1838. Moved to Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri, with Hyrum Smith’s family, June 1838. Fought in Battle of Crooked River, near Ray Co., Missouri, 25 Oct. 1838. After Missouri expulsion, moved to Quincy, Adams Co., Illinois, 1839. Appointed to gather reports and publications circulated against LDS church, 4 May 1839, at Quincy. Ordained a seventy, 6 May 1839. Moved to Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois, by 1840. Appointed to Nauvoo incorporation committee, 1840. Regent of University of Nauvoo, 1840. Appointed aide-de-camp to lieutenant general in Nauvoo Legion, Mar. 1841. Served as scribe to JS and church clerk, 1840–1841. Preached sermon at funeral for Joseph Smith Sr., 15 Sept. 1840. Elected Nauvoo city treasurer, 3 Feb. 1841. Associate editor of Times and Seasons, May–Aug. 1841. Died in Nauvoo, apparently from severe lung infection.