Adam-ondi-Ahman, Missouri 

 

Summary

Town located in northwest Missouri.1 JS revelations designated area as place where Adam blessed his posterity after leaving Garden of Eden2 and where Adam will return prior to Second Coming.3 While seeking new areas in Daviess Co. for settlement, JS and others surveyed town site on east bluffs of Grand River near home and ferry of Latter-day Saint Lyman Wight, May 1838.4 JS announced area as gathering place for Saints, May 1838.5 First called Spring Hill; renamed May 1838 when JS identified area as Adam-ondi-Ahman (Latter-day Saint nickname was “Diahman”).6 Large groups of Saints, many from Kirtland, Ohio, began settling there, June 1838.7 Town connected to Far West by way of county seat, Gallatin, on road built by Saints.8 Soon became principal Mormon settlement in Daviess Co. Stake organized 28 June 1838.9 Under pressure from vigilantes, Mormon settlers from outlying areas of Daviess Co. took refuge here.10 As population of 400 grew to over 1,000, houses filled to overflowing, and many lived in tents and wagons.11 Responding to threats against Far West, able-bodied men in Adam-ondi-Ahman served in Caldwell Co. militia, late Oct. 1838.12 After surrender of Far West, state militia arrived at Adam-ondi-Ahman, 8 Nov. 1838, and gave Mormons ultimatum: evacuate county within ten days, or remain, unarmed and unprotected, subject to vigilante retaliation.13 Town almost completely abandoned, by 20 Nov. 1838.14 Originally occupied lands offered at public sale and purchased by local residents, 24 Nov. 1838.15 Under armed guard, JS last visited site of Adam-ondi-Ahman, 14 Apr. 1839, following imprisonment in Liberty, Missouri, and subsequent appearance before a grand jury in Gallatin.16 See also glossary listing for “Adam-ondi-Ahman.”