Lexington, Missouri 



Located on high bluffs on southeast bank of Missouri River, about forty miles east of Independence.1 Area settled, 1817.2 Selected as county seat, by 1823.3 City charter obtained, 1845.4 Population in 1840 about 2,400.5 Commercial, steamboat, ferrying, and outfitting center for western Missouri and Santa Fe Trail.6 Rich coal fields in area.7 Residence of Alexander Doniphan, legal defender of Saints, 1830–1833.8 Many Saints passed through Lexington as settlers or missionaries, beginning 1831.9