Michigan Territory 

 

Summary

Organized as territory, 1805, with Detroit as capital.1 De facto state government organized within territory, 1836, although not formally recognized as state by federal government until 1837.2 Lansing became new state capital, 1847.3 Population in 1810 about 4,500; in 1830 about 33,000; and in 1840 about 210,000.4 Lucy Mack Smith and first LDS missionaries, including Hyrum Smith, visited territory, 1831.5 JS and other missionaries visited territory, 1834.6 Hyrum Smith led Camp of Israel division from Pontiac to Missouri, 1834.7 Five branches of church existed in state, by 1844.8 Following death of JS, 1844, Michigan Saints gathered to Nauvoo.9