Urim and Thummim 


A term applied to a device used to translate and receive revelation.1 In the Old Testament, priests were to use such a device to discern God’s will for Israel.2 The Book of Mormon gives an account of an ancient prophet, Mosiah, who translated records into his own language using “interpreters,” or “two stones” attached to “the two rims of a bow.”3 JS later recounted that he found “spectacles,” or “two stones in silver bows,” deposited with the gold plates, which he used to translate the plates.4 JS and other church members began referring to the instrument as the Urim and Thummim in 1833.5 The term was also applied to seer stones JS said he used in the translation process.6 JS reportedly used a Urim and Thummim on occasion to give blessings and receive revelations.7 In April 1843, JS taught that the earth in its perfected state would become a Urim and Thummim where all things “will be manifest to those who dwell on it” and those prepared for the celestial kingdom would receive their own Urim and Thummim.8