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History, 1834–1836

29 November 1835 • Sunday

Sunday Nov. 29th. This morning he went to meeting at the usual hour Eldr. Isaac Morley

11 Mar. 1786–24 June 1865. Farmer, cooper, merchant, postmaster. Born at Montague, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Morley and Editha (Edith) Marsh. Family affiliated with Presbyterian church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, before 1812. Married...

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306

Morley served as one of Edward Partridge’s counselors in the Missouri bishopric. They had recently served a mission together in the eastern states.  


occupied the desk in the A.M. & Bp. Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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in the P.M. Their discourses were well adapted to the times in which we live, and the circumstances, under which we are placed; their words were truly words of wisdom “like apples of gold in pictures of silver,”307

See Proverbs 25:11.  


spoken in the unaffected simple accents of a child; yet sublime as the voice of an angel. The saints appeared to be much pleased with the beautiful discourses of these two fathers in Israel. After these servises closed, three of the Zion brethren308

Veterans of the 1834 expedition to Missouri. (See “Camp of Israel,” in Glossary.)  


came forward and received their blessing. Solon Foster was ordained to the office of an Eldr. The Lord’s supper was then administered, and the meeting closed. Our brother returned home and spent the evening in his family circl, around the social fire side.— The weather continues cold and stormy.

30 November 1835 • Monday

Monday morning 30th. The snow continues falling and is already sufficiently deep to make good sleighing This is uncommon for this country, at this season of the year. He spent the day in writing, or in other words dictating a letter for the Messenger & Advocate on the subject of the gathering in the last days from Matthew 13th ch.309

This was the third in a series of three letters written by JS and published in successive issues of the LDS Messenger and Advocate to provide instruction for traveling elders. (JS, “To the Elders of the Church of Latter Day Saints,” LDS Messenger and Advocate, Dec. 1835, 2:225–230; see also Sept. 1835, 1:179–182; and Nov. 1835, 2:209–212.)  


This afternoon Henry Capron

14 Mar. 1815–18 Jan. 1865. Farmer, town officer. Born in New York. Son of Joseph Capron and Sabra Avery. Moved to Perrinton, Ontario Co., New York, by 1820. Lived next to JS’s family at Manchester, Ontario Co. Visited JS, 30 Nov. 1835, in Kirtland, Geauga...

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called to see him Mr. Capon

14 Mar. 1815–18 Jan. 1865. Farmer, town officer. Born in New York. Son of Joseph Capron and Sabra Avery. Moved to Perrinton, Ontario Co., New York, by 1820. Lived next to JS’s family at Manchester, Ontario Co. Visited JS, 30 Nov. 1835, in Kirtland, Geauga...

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is an old acquaintance of his from Manchester

Settled 1793. Formed as Burt Township when divided from Farmington Township, 31 Mar. 1821. Name changed to Manchester, 16 Apr. 1822. Included village of Manchester. Population in 1825 about 2,700. Population in 1830 about 2,800. JS reported first vision of...

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NewYork. He showed him the ancient records and explained them to him.

1 December 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday December 1st.310

In the 1835–1836 journal, the 1 December 1835 entry consists of the following: “at home spent the day in writing, for the M[essenger] & Advocate, the snow is falling and we have fine sleighing.” The entry here for 1 December corresponds to the entry dated 2 December in the 1835–1836 journal.  


This is a delightful morning indeed; Pres. Joseph made preperations to ride to Painesville

Located on Grand River twelve miles northeast of Kirtland. Created and settled, 1800. Originally named Champion. Flourished economically from harbor on Lake Erie and as major route of overland travel for western emigration. Included Painesville village; laid...

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, his wife

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

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& children with some others of his household, accompanied him. When we were passing through Mentor street

Road running southwest from Painesville to Mentor and on to Willoughby. Intersected at Mentor with road leading south to Kirtland. JS took family on sleigh ride over part of road, 2 Dec. 1835.

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, we overtook two men with a team, & politely asked them to let us pass; they granted our request, and as we passed them, they abruptly bawled out to Pres. Smith do you get any revelations lately, with an addition of blackguard & vulgarity, to us uninteligable. This is a fair specimine of the character of the inhabitants of Mentor; who have rendered themselves notorious, for mobing & persecuting the saints;311

The passage from “who have rendered” to this point is a scribal elaboration not found in the 1835–1836 journal. Before joining with the Latter-day Saints, Sidney Rigdon led the Reformed Baptist congregation in Mentor, some of whom now deeply resented the new religion that had taken Rigdon and many from the neighboring Kirtland congregation. On Mentor-based opposition to the Mormons in 1835, see Adams, “Grandison Newell’s Obsession,” 170–173.  


[p. 138]

29 November 1835 • Sunday

Sunday Nov. 29th. This morning he went to meeting at  the usual hour Eldr. Isaac Morley

11 Mar. 1786–24 June 1865. Farmer, cooper, merchant, postmaster. Born at Montague, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Morley and Editha (Edith) Marsh. Family affiliated with Presbyterian church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, before 1812. Married...

View Full Bio
306

Morley served as one of Edward Partridge’s counselors in the Missouri bishopric. They had recently served a mission together in the eastern states.  


occupied the  desk in the A.M. & Bp. Edward Partri[d]ge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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in the P.M.  Their discourses were well adapted to the times in  which we live, and the circumstances, under which  we are placed; their words were truly words of  wisdom “like apples of gold in pictures of silver,”307

See Proverbs 25:11.  


spoken  in the unaffected simple accents of a child; yet sublime  as the voice of an angel. The saints appeared to be  much pleased with the beautiful discourses of these  two fathers in Israel. After these servises closed, three  of the Zion brethren308

Veterans of the 1834 expedition to Missouri. (See “Camp of Israel,” in Glossary.)  


came forward and received their  blessing. Solon Foster was ordained to the office of an  Eldr. The Lord’s supper was then administered, and  the meeting closed. Our brother returned home and  spent the evening in his family circl, around the  social fire side.— The weather continues cold and  stormy.

30 November 1835 • Monday

Monday morning 30th. The snow continues falling and is  already sufficiently deep to make good sleighing  This is uncommon for this country, at this season  of the year. He spent the day in writing, or in other  words dictating a letter for the Messenger & Advocate on the  subject of the gathering in the last days from Matthew  13th ch.309

This was the third in a series of three letters written by JS and published in successive issues of the LDS Messenger and Advocate to provide instruction for traveling elders. (JS, “To the Elders of the Church of Latter Day Saints,” LDS Messenger and Advocate, Dec. 1835, 2:225–230; see also Sept. 1835, 1:179–182; and Nov. 1835, 2:209–212.)  


This afternoon Henry Capron

14 Mar. 1815–18 Jan. 1865. Farmer, town officer. Born in New York. Son of Joseph Capron and Sabra Avery. Moved to Perrinton, Ontario Co., New York, by 1820. Lived next to JS’s family at Manchester, Ontario Co. Visited JS, 30 Nov. 1835, in Kirtland, Geauga...

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called to see him  Mr. Capon

14 Mar. 1815–18 Jan. 1865. Farmer, town officer. Born in New York. Son of Joseph Capron and Sabra Avery. Moved to Perrinton, Ontario Co., New York, by 1820. Lived next to JS’s family at Manchester, Ontario Co. Visited JS, 30 Nov. 1835, in Kirtland, Geauga...

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is an old acquaintance of his from Manch ester

Settled 1793. Formed as Burt Township when divided from Farmington Township, 31 Mar. 1821. Name changed to Manchester, 16 Apr. 1822. Included village of Manchester. Population in 1825 about 2,700. Population in 1830 about 2,800. JS reported first vision of...

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NewYork. He showed him the ancient records  and explained them to him.

1 December 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday December 1st.310

In the 1835–1836 journal, the 1 December 1835 entry consists of the following: “at home spent the day in writing, for the M[essenger] & Advocate, the snow is falling and we have fine sleighing.” The entry here for 1 December corresponds to the entry dated 2 December in the 1835–1836 journal.  


This is a delightful morning  indeed; Pres. Joseph made preperations to ride to  Pain[e]sville

Located on Grand River twelve miles northeast of Kirtland. Created and settled, 1800. Originally named Champion. Flourished economically from harbor on Lake Erie and as major route of overland travel for western emigration. Included Painesville village; laid...

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, his wife

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

View Full Bio
& children with some others of  his household, accompanied him. When we were  passing through Mentor street

Road running southwest from Painesville to Mentor and on to Willoughby. Intersected at Mentor with road leading south to Kirtland. JS took family on sleigh ride over part of road, 2 Dec. 1835.

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, we overtook two men  with a team, & politely asked them to let us pass; they  granted our request, and as we passed them, they  abruptly bawled out to Pres. Smith do you get any revelations  lately, with an addition of blackguard & vulgarity, to  us uninteligable. This is a fair specimine of the chara cter of the inhabitants of Mentor; who have rendered  themselves notorious, for mobing & persecuting the saints;311

The passage from “who have rendered” to this point is a scribal elaboration not found in the 1835–1836 journal. Before joining with the Latter-day Saints, Sidney Rigdon led the Reformed Baptist congregation in Mentor, some of whom now deeply resented the new religion that had taken Rigdon and many from the neighboring Kirtland congregation. On Mentor-based opposition to the Mormons in 1835, see Adams, “Grandison Newell’s Obsession,” 170–173.  


[p. 138]
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JS, History, [Dec. 1834–May 1836?]; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; includes genealogical and financial tables; 154 pages; verso of JS History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, CHL. Includes redactions, use marks, and archival marking.
Large blank book composed of ruled paper printed with forty horizontal lines in (now faint) blue ink. The text block includes thirty gatherings of various sizes, each about a dozen leaves per gathering, and originally had 384 interior leaves cut to measure 13⅝ x 9 inches (35 x 23 cm). The text block, which was conserved in the late twentieth century, was probably originally sewn on recessed cords and was apparently also glued on leather tapes. The binding features false bands. The endpapers were single-sided marbled leaves featuring a traditional Spanish pattern with slate blue body and black and red veins. The block was bound to pasteboard covers, probably with a hollow-back ledger binding, making a book measuring 14¼ x 9½ x 2½ inches (36 x 24 x 6 cm). The boards were bound in brown suede calfskin. At some point, blind-tooled decorations were made around the outside border and along the board edges and the turned-in edges of the inside covers.
Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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began the text of the document on the thirteenth page of the text block, numbering it as page 9. Cowdery set aside pages 9–16 for genealogical tables for the members of the church presidency. He inscribed the page numbers, table headings, and column and row ruling for the tables in red ink with a quill pen. The content of the tables was inscribed in ink that is now brown with a quill pen, as was the rest of the history. Cowdery inscribed journal-like entries for 5 and 6 December 1834 on pages 17–20. Pages 21–45 are blank except for page numbering. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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copied Cowdery’s 1834–1835 historical articles, published serially in the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate, onto pages 46–103. A passage that Parrish missed while copying the first installment of the Cowdery history is supplied on a slip of paper attached to page 50 with adhesive wafers. On pages 103–104, Parrish copied part of a JS letter, also published in the church newspaper. On pages 105–187, Parrish and Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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wrote historical entries based on the entries in JS’s 1835–1836 journal. The genealogical table headings written by Oliver Cowdery, the letter headings and closings written by Williams and Parrish, and the datelines written by Parrish and Warren Cowdery are slightly larger than the ordinary script of these individuals. Parrish’s datelines also feature a vertical stress that contrasts with the oblique stress of his entry inscriptions. In their copying from the Messenger and Advocate, Frederick G. Williams and Warren Parrish often used a slightly larger script for words that appear in small caps in the printed version. Although pagination for the 1834–1836 history was inscribed up to page 241, the actual chronicle reaches only to page 187. Oliver Cowdery numbered pages 9–21, Frederick G. Williams numbered pages 22–58, Warren Parrish numbered pages 59–111, and Warren Cowdery numbered pages 112–241. Sometime later, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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inscribed year and month-and-year headings in black ink on pages 17–20, 46–47, 105–173, and 176–187. Various pages also bear redactions in unidentified handwriting in black and blue pencil.
In 1839, the book was repurposed for the inscription of a new history. The book was turned over so that the back cover became the front and the last leaf became the first. From this new front of the book, JS’s scribes began writing what became the first volume of JS’s multivolume manuscript history (the first 61 pages of which are transcribed as “Draft 2”). That later history filled most of the remaining leaves of the book, running well into the blank pages that were numbered for the 1834–1836 history and up to within five pages of the inscribed entries in the earlier history. However, only numbering on pages 235–241 of the 1834–1836 history were erased (by knife eraser). With the later history’s side of the book upward, the spine of the book was labeled as volume “A | 1” of the multivolume history. Archival stickers were also added at some point to the spine and the inside front cover. Two interior leaves are now missing from the initial gathering of the volume and one leaf is missing from the final gathering. The flyleaves and pastedowns were also lost or removed from the book.1

See JS History, vol. A-1, microfilm, Dec. 1971, CHL. Only one leaf of the original pastedowns and flyleaves is extant. The pastedowns were replaced with undecorated paper in 1994, according to a conservation note on the verso of the extant marbled leaf archived with the volume.  


The volume shows moderate wear, browning, water staining, and brittleness. It has been resewn, rebound, and otherwise conserved.
While the 1834–1836 history was being created, the volume was apparently kept in the homes of JS’s scribes.2

See JS, Journal, 29 Oct. 1835 and 25 Jan. 1836 (see also entry for 29 Oct. 1835 herein).  


In 1839, scribe James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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converted the book into the first volume of JS’s multivolume manuscript history.3

Jessee, “Writing of Joseph Smith’s History,” 439–441, 450–451, 464.  


In 1842, the church newspaper in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, began publishing this later history.4

The serialized publication of this history began in the 15 March 1842 issue of the Times and Seasons.  


JS maintained custody of the volume through his later life, as indicated by a note he inscribed memorializing his deceased brother Alvin Smith

11 Feb. 1798–19 Nov. 1823. Farmer, carpenter. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; returned to Tunbridge, before May 1803. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804, and to...

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, which was attached to the verso of the flyleaf preceding the later history. The volume is listed in the first extant Historian’s Office inventory, made in Nauvoo in February 1846 by clerk Thomas Bullock, and it is listed in inventories of church records made in Salt Lake City in the second half of the nineteenth century.5

“Schedule of Church Records. Nauvoo 1846,” [1]; “Historian’s Office Catalogue 1858,” 2, Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL.  


These and later archival records, as well as archival marking on the volume, indicate continuous institutional custody.

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