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History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

9 And again, I say unto you, all things must be done in the name  of Christ, whatsoever you do in the Spirit; and ye must give thanks  unto God, in the spirit, for whatsoever blessing ye are blessed with:  and ye must practice virtue and holiness before me continually;  even so: Amen.
The same day that I received the foregoing revelation  I also received the following, setting apart John Whitmer as  a historian inasmuch as he was faithful.
Given at Kirtland, March 8, 1831, to me <Joseph Smith Jn> and John Whitmer.
1 Behold it is expedient in me that my servant John Whitmer should  write and keep a regular history, and assist you, my servant  Joseph Smith, Jnr, in transcribing all things which shall be given  you, until he is called to further duties. Again, verily I say unto  you, that he can also lift up his voice in meetings, whenever it  shall be expedient.
2. And again, I say unto you, that it shall be appointed unto him to  keep the church record and history continually, for Oliver Cowdery  I have appointed to another office: Wherefore it shall be given  him inasmuch as he is faithful, by the Comforter, to write these  things; even so: Amen.

10 March 1831 • Thursday

Upon inquiry how the brethren should act in regard to purcha sing lands to settle upon; and where they should finally make  a permanent location, I received the following. Revelation:  
Given at Kirtland March, 1831. <to Joseph Smith Jn>
1 It is necessary that ye should remain for the present time in your  places of abode, as it shall be suitable to your circumstances: and  inasmuch as ye have lands, ye shall impart to the eastern brethren;  and inasmuch as ye have not lands, let them buy for the present  time, in those regions round about as seemeth them good, for it  must needs be necessary, that they have places to live for the present  time.
2 It must needs be necessary, that ye save all the money that  ye can, and that ye obtain all that ye can in righteousness that  in time ye may be enabled to purchase lands for an inheritance,  even the city. The place is not yet to be revealed, but after your  brethren come from the east, there are to be certain men appointed,  and to them it shall be given to know the place, or to them it shall  be revealed; and they shall be appointed to purchase the lands, and  to make a commencement, to lay they foundation of the city; and [p. 111]
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This document, volume A-1, is the first of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. Volume A-1 encompasses the period from JS’s birth in 1805 to 30 August 1834, just after the return of the Camp of Israel (later known as Zion’s Camp) from Missouri to Kirtland, Ohio. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
In April 1838 JS renewed his effort to draft a “history” with the aid of his counselor Sidney Rigdon. George W. Robinson served as scribe. JS’s journal for late April and early May 1838 notes six days on which JS, Rigdon, and Robinson were engaged in “writing history.” Though not completed and no longer extant, that draft laid the foundation for what became a six-volume manuscript eventually published as the “History of Joseph Smith,” and at least a portion of its contents are assumed to have been included in the manuscript presented here.
On 11 June 1839 in Commerce, Illinois, JS once again began dictating his “history.” James Mulholland now served as scribe. Apparently the narrative commenced where the earlier 1838 draft left off. When work was interrupted in July 1839, Mulholland inscribed the draft material, including at least some of Robinson’s earlier material, into a large record book already containing the text of an incomplete history previously produced over a span of two years, 1834–1836. For the new history, Mulholland simply turned the ledger over and began at the back of the book. The volume was later labeled A-1 on its spine, identifying it as the first of multiple volumes of the manuscript history.
Prior to his untimely death on 3 November 1839, Mulholland recorded the first fifty-nine pages in the volume. Subsequently, his successor, Robert B. Thompson, contributed about sixteen more pages before his death in August 1841. William W. Phelps then added a little over seventy-five pages. However, it was not until Willard Richards was appointed JS’s “private secretary and historian” that substantial progress was made on the compilation of the history. Richards would contribute the remainder of the text inscribed in the 553-page first volume. The narrative recorded in A-1 was completed in August 1843. Thomas Bullock and Charles Wandell subsequently added sixteen pages of “Addenda” material, which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated. For instance, several of the addenda expanded on the account of the Camp of Israel as initially recorded.
JS dictated or supplied information for much of A-1, and he personally corrected the first forty-two pages before his death. As planned, his historian-scribes maintained the first-person, chronological narrative format initially established in the volume. When various third-person accounts were drawn upon, they were generally converted to the first person, as if JS was directly relating the account. After JS’s death, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, George A. Smith, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” At the time of JS’s death only the history through December 1831 had been published. When the final issue of the Times and Seasons, dated 15 February 1846 appeared, the account had been carried forward through August 1834—the end of the material recorded in A-1. The “History of Joseph Smith” was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
Aside from the material dictated or supplied by JS prior to his murder, the texts for A-1 and for the history’s subsequent volumes were drawn from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. The narrative in A-1 provides JS’s personal account of the foundational events of his life as a prophet and the early progress of the church. It also encompasses contentions and disputations that erupted between the Latter-day Saints and their neighbors in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Missouri. While it remains difficult to distinguish JS’s own contributions from composition of his historian-scribes, the narrative trenchantly captures the poignancy and intensity of his life while offering an enlightening account of the birth of the church he labored to establish.

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