History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

Thomas Bullock handwriting begins.  


Addenda, Note A • 9 September 1833

<Sept. 4> <Letter to  Vienna Jaquish> Sept. 4. 1833 I wrote as follows to Sister “Vienna Jaquish [Jacques] at Independence Misso.
Dear Sister Having a few leisure moments I set down to communicate  to you a few words which I know I am under obligation to  improve for your satisfaction, if it should be a satisfaction  for you to receive a few words from your unworthy brother in  Christ, I received your letter some time since containing a history  of your journey, and your safe arrival for which I bless the Lord;  I have often felt a whispering since I received your letter,  like this, Joseph thou art indebted to thy God for the offering  of thy Sister Vienna which proved a savor of life as pertaining  to thy pecuniary concern, therefore she should not be forgotten  of thee, for the Lord hath done this and thou shouldst remember  her in all thy prayers; and also by letter for she oftentimes  calleth on the Lord, saying, O Lord inspire thy servant Joseph  to communicate by letter some word to thine unworthy handmaid  and say all my sins are forgiven and art thou not  content with the chastisement wherewith thou hast chastised  thy handmaid; yea Sister this seems to be the whispering  of a Spirit and judge ye what Spirit it is— I was sensible  when you left Kirtland that the Lord would chasten you  but I prayed fervently in the name of Jesus that you  might live to receive your Inheritance agreeable to the  commandment which was given concerning you. I am  not at all astonished at what has happened to you,  neither to what has happened to Zion, and I could tell  all the whys and wherefores of all these calamities, but  alas it is in vain to warn and give precepts, for all men  are naturally disposed to walk in their own paths as they  are pointed out by their own fingers and are not willing  to consider and walk in the path which is pointed out  by another, saying this is the way walk ye in it, altho’ he  should be an unerring director, and the Lord his God sent him,  nevertheless I do not feel disposed to cast any reflections, but I  feel to cry mightily unto the Lord that all things might work  together for good, which has happened, yea I feel to say, O Lord  let Zion be comforted, let her waste places be built up, and  established an hundred fold, let thy Saints come unto Zion out  of every nation, let her be exalted to the third heavens, and let [p. 1 [addenda]]
This document, volume A-1, is the first of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. Volume A-1 encompasses the period from JS’s birth in 1805 to 30 August 1834, just after the return of the Camp of Israel (later known as Zion’s Camp) from Missouri to Kirtland, Ohio. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
In April 1838 JS renewed his effort to draft a “history” with the aid of his counselor Sidney Rigdon. George W. Robinson served as scribe. JS’s journal for late April and early May 1838 notes six days on which JS, Rigdon, and Robinson were engaged in “writing history.” Though not completed and no longer extant, that draft laid the foundation for what became a six-volume manuscript eventually published as the “History of Joseph Smith,” and at least a portion of its contents are assumed to have been included in the manuscript presented here.
On 11 June 1839 in Commerce, Illinois, JS once again began dictating his “history.” James Mulholland now served as scribe. Apparently the narrative commenced where the earlier 1838 draft left off. When work was interrupted in July 1839, Mulholland inscribed the draft material, including at least some of Robinson’s earlier material, into a large record book already containing the text of an incomplete history previously produced over a span of two years, 1834–1836. For the new history, Mulholland simply turned the ledger over and began at the back of the book. The volume was later labeled A-1 on its spine, identifying it as the first of multiple volumes of the manuscript history.
Prior to his untimely death on 3 November 1839, Mulholland recorded the first fifty-nine pages in the volume. Subsequently, his successor, Robert B. Thompson, contributed about sixteen more pages before his death in August 1841. William W. Phelps then added a little over seventy-five pages. However, it was not until Willard Richards was appointed JS’s “private secretary and historian” that substantial progress was made on the compilation of the history. Richards would contribute the remainder of the text inscribed in the 553-page first volume. The narrative recorded in A-1 was completed in August 1843. Thomas Bullock and Charles Wandell subsequently added sixteen pages of “Addenda” material, which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated. For instance, several of the addenda expanded on the account of the Camp of Israel as initially recorded.
JS dictated or supplied information for much of A-1, and he personally corrected the first forty-two pages before his death. As planned, his historian-scribes maintained the first-person, chronological narrative format initially established in the volume. When various third-person accounts were drawn upon, they were generally converted to the first person, as if JS was directly relating the account. After JS’s death, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, George A. Smith, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” At the time of JS’s death only the history through December 1831 had been published. When the final issue of the Times and Seasons, dated 15 February 1846 appeared, the account had been carried forward through August 1834—the end of the material recorded in A-1. The “History of Joseph Smith” was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
Aside from the material dictated or supplied by JS prior to his murder, the texts for A-1 and for the history’s subsequent volumes were drawn from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. The narrative in A-1 provides JS’s personal account of the foundational events of his life as a prophet and the early progress of the church. It also encompasses contentions and disputations that erupted between the Latter-day Saints and their neighbors in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Missouri. While it remains difficult to distinguish JS’s own contributions from composition of his historian-scribes, the narrative trenchantly captures the poignancy and intensity of his life while offering an enlightening account of the birth of the church he labored to establish.