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History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

son until I the Lord shall provide for them otherwise, and  command them to go hence; and the hour and the day is not given  unto them: wherefore let them act upon this land as for years; and  this shall turn unto them for their good.
5. Behold, this shall be an ensample unto my servant Edward Partridge,  in other places, in all churches, And whoso is found a faithful, and just  and a wise steward, shall enter into the joy of his Lord, and shall  inherit eternal life. Verily I say unto you, I am Jesus Christ, who  cometh quickly, in an hour you think not: even so: Amen.

6 June 1831 • Monday

As the elders began to enquire what they should do until the  conference, before mentioned, should commence its sitting, I en quired at the hand of the Lord, and received the following
Revelation, given June, 1831.
1 Behold, thus says the Lord unto the elders whom he hath called  and chosen, in these last days, by the voice of his spirit, saying;  I the Lord make known unto you what I will that ye shall  do from this time until the next conference which shall be  held in
On the 6th of June, the elders from the various parts of  the country where they were laboring, came in and the  conference before appointed, convened in Kirtland, and  the Lord displayed his power <to the most perfect satisfaction, of the saints> in a manner that could not  be mistaken. The man of sin was revealed, and the authority  of the melechisedec <priesthood> was manifested and <I> conferred, <the high priesthood> for the  first time, upon several of the elders. It was clearly evidint  that the Lord gave us power in proportion to the work to be  done and strength according to the race set before us;  and grace and help as our needs required. Great har mony prevailed. Several were ordained; Faith was strengthened;  and humility, so necessary for the blessing of God to follow prayer,  characterized the saints. The next day as a kind contin uation of this great work of the last days, I received the  following:
Revelation, given June 1831. <To Joseph Smith Jnr>
1 Behold, thus saith the Lord unto the elders whom he hath cal led and chosen, in these last days, by the voice of his spirit,  saying:— I the Lord will make known unto [you] what I will that  ye shall do from this time until the next conference, which  shall be held in Missouri, upon the land which I will consecrate  unto my people, which are a remnant of Jacob, and those who [p. 118]
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This document, volume A-1, is the first of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. Volume A-1 encompasses the period from JS’s birth in 1805 to 30 August 1834, just after the return of the Camp of Israel (later known as Zion’s Camp) from Missouri to Kirtland, Ohio. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
In April 1838 JS renewed his effort to draft a “history” with the aid of his counselor Sidney Rigdon. George W. Robinson served as scribe. JS’s journal for late April and early May 1838 notes six days on which JS, Rigdon, and Robinson were engaged in “writing history.” Though not completed and no longer extant, that draft laid the foundation for what became a six-volume manuscript eventually published as the “History of Joseph Smith,” and at least a portion of its contents are assumed to have been included in the manuscript presented here.
On 11 June 1839 in Commerce, Illinois, JS once again began dictating his “history.” James Mulholland now served as scribe. Apparently the narrative commenced where the earlier 1838 draft left off. When work was interrupted in July 1839, Mulholland inscribed the draft material, including at least some of Robinson’s earlier material, into a large record book already containing the text of an incomplete history previously produced over a span of two years, 1834–1836. For the new history, Mulholland simply turned the ledger over and began at the back of the book. The volume was later labeled A-1 on its spine, identifying it as the first of multiple volumes of the manuscript history.
Prior to his untimely death on 3 November 1839, Mulholland recorded the first fifty-nine pages in the volume. Subsequently, his successor, Robert B. Thompson, contributed about sixteen more pages before his death in August 1841. William W. Phelps then added a little over seventy-five pages. However, it was not until Willard Richards was appointed JS’s “private secretary and historian” that substantial progress was made on the compilation of the history. Richards would contribute the remainder of the text inscribed in the 553-page first volume. The narrative recorded in A-1 was completed in August 1843. Thomas Bullock and Charles Wandell subsequently added sixteen pages of “Addenda” material, which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated. For instance, several of the addenda expanded on the account of the Camp of Israel as initially recorded.
JS dictated or supplied information for much of A-1, and he personally corrected the first forty-two pages before his death. As planned, his historian-scribes maintained the first-person, chronological narrative format initially established in the volume. When various third-person accounts were drawn upon, they were generally converted to the first person, as if JS was directly relating the account. After JS’s death, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, George A. Smith, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” At the time of JS’s death only the history through December 1831 had been published. When the final issue of the Times and Seasons, dated 15 February 1846 appeared, the account had been carried forward through August 1834—the end of the material recorded in A-1. The “History of Joseph Smith” was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
Aside from the material dictated or supplied by JS prior to his murder, the texts for A-1 and for the history’s subsequent volumes were drawn from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. The narrative in A-1 provides JS’s personal account of the foundational events of his life as a prophet and the early progress of the church. It also encompasses contentions and disputations that erupted between the Latter-day Saints and their neighbors in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Missouri. While it remains difficult to distinguish JS’s own contributions from composition of his historian-scribes, the narrative trenchantly captures the poignancy and intensity of his life while offering an enlightening account of the birth of the church he labored to establish.

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