History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

all your sins; ask and ye shall receive; knock and <it> shall be  opened unto you; behold I will go before you, and I will be in  your midst, and you shall not be confounded: behold I am  Jesus Christ, and I come quick; even so: Amen.

April–May 1831

During the month of April I continued to translate the scriptures  as time would allow; in May, a number of elders being present,  and not understanding the different spirits abroad in the earth,  I inquired and received from the Lord the following

9 May 1831 • Monday

Revelation, given May 1831. <To Joseph Smith Jn>
1 Hearken, O ye elders of my church, and give ear to the voice of the  living God; and attend to the words of wisdom which shall  be given unto you, according as ye have asked and are  agreed as touching the church, and the spirits which have  gone abroad in the earth. Behold verily I say unto you, that there are  many spirits which are false spirits, which have gone forth in the  earth, deceiving the world; and also Satan hath sought to de ceive you, that he might overthrow you.
2. Behold I the Lord have looked upon you, and have seen  abominations in the church, that profess my name; but blessed are  they who are faithful and endure, whether in life or in  death, for they shall inherit eternal life. But wo unto them that  are deceivers, and hypocrites, for thus says the Lord, I will bring  them to judgment.
3. Behold, verily I say unto you, there are hypocrites among you,  and have deceived some, which given the adversary power,  but behold such shall be reclaimed; but the hypocrites shall  be detected, and shall be cut off, either in life or in death, even  as I will; and wo unto them who are cut off from my church,  for the same are overcome of the world; wherefore let every  man beware lest he do that which is not in truth and  righteousness before me.
4. And, now, come saith the Lord, by the Spirit, unto the elders  of his church, and let us reason together, that ye may under stand: let us reason even as a man reasoneth one with an other face to face: now when a man reasoneth, he is understood  of man, because he reasoneth as a man; even so I will will I the Lord  reason with you that you may understand: wherefore I the Lord  asketh you this question, unto what were ye ordained? To  preach my gospel by the Spirit, even the Comforter, which [p. 114]
This document, volume A-1, is the first of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. Volume A-1 encompasses the period from JS’s birth in 1805 to 30 August 1834, just after the return of the Camp of Israel (later known as Zion’s Camp) from Missouri to Kirtland, Ohio. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
In April 1838 JS renewed his effort to draft a “history” with the aid of his counselor Sidney Rigdon. George W. Robinson served as scribe. JS’s journal for late April and early May 1838 notes six days on which JS, Rigdon, and Robinson were engaged in “writing history.” Though not completed and no longer extant, that draft laid the foundation for what became a six-volume manuscript eventually published as the “History of Joseph Smith,” and at least a portion of its contents are assumed to have been included in the manuscript presented here.
On 11 June 1839 in Commerce, Illinois, JS once again began dictating his “history.” James Mulholland now served as scribe. Apparently the narrative commenced where the earlier 1838 draft left off. When work was interrupted in July 1839, Mulholland inscribed the draft material, including at least some of Robinson’s earlier material, into a large record book already containing the text of an incomplete history previously produced over a span of two years, 1834–1836. For the new history, Mulholland simply turned the ledger over and began at the back of the book. The volume was later labeled A-1 on its spine, identifying it as the first of multiple volumes of the manuscript history.
Prior to his untimely death on 3 November 1839, Mulholland recorded the first fifty-nine pages in the volume. Subsequently, his successor, Robert B. Thompson, contributed about sixteen more pages before his death in August 1841. William W. Phelps then added a little over seventy-five pages. However, it was not until Willard Richards was appointed JS’s “private secretary and historian” that substantial progress was made on the compilation of the history. Richards would contribute the remainder of the text inscribed in the 553-page first volume. The narrative recorded in A-1 was completed in August 1843. Thomas Bullock and Charles Wandell subsequently added sixteen pages of “Addenda” material, which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated. For instance, several of the addenda expanded on the account of the Camp of Israel as initially recorded.
JS dictated or supplied information for much of A-1, and he personally corrected the first forty-two pages before his death. As planned, his historian-scribes maintained the first-person, chronological narrative format initially established in the volume. When various third-person accounts were drawn upon, they were generally converted to the first person, as if JS was directly relating the account. After JS’s death, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, George A. Smith, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” At the time of JS’s death only the history through December 1831 had been published. When the final issue of the Times and Seasons, dated 15 February 1846 appeared, the account had been carried forward through August 1834—the end of the material recorded in A-1. The “History of Joseph Smith” was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
Aside from the material dictated or supplied by JS prior to his murder, the texts for A-1 and for the history’s subsequent volumes were drawn from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. The narrative in A-1 provides JS’s personal account of the foundational events of his life as a prophet and the early progress of the church. It also encompasses contentions and disputations that erupted between the Latter-day Saints and their neighbors in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Missouri. While it remains difficult to distinguish JS’s own contributions from composition of his historian-scribes, the narrative trenchantly captures the poignancy and intensity of his life while offering an enlightening account of the birth of the church he labored to establish.