43990773

History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

June 13 I had promised some money as soon as I could sell a yoke of Cattle, I know of nothing else I have that I can raise money with at this time, and they are getting to be dull sale to what they were— Sister Meeks has been quite sick but she is getting better, she has nothing to eat, only what she is helped to, a number of other poor here I think need assistance Wid. Sherman for one, but if you think that all the means should be kept up there, I have nothing to say, only, that I do not believe it to be my duty to stay here living on expence, where I can earn nothing for myself, nor do any thing to benefit others. As I before stated I have promised some money as soon as I can raise it, I have not at this time two dollars in the world $1.44 is all. I owe for my rent, and for making clothes for some of the poor, and some other things, I am going into the room, br. Harris leaves to save rent, what is best for me to do I hardly know, hard labor I cannot perform, light labor I can, but I know of no chance to earn any thing, at any thing that I can stand it to do— It is quite sickly here, five were buried in four days, Brother More’s Child, Sister Louisa P, and brother Pettigrew’s son Hiram, 18 or 19 years of age the other two were children of the world. I spoke to brother Isaac Higbee about his seine, he said that he would speak to his brother about it, He said he thought that they would sell it, or they would come up in the fall and fish awhile, but to lend it, he thought it would not be best as those unaccustomed to fish in the rivers would be apt to tear it to pieces, you perceive that I have not means to get you twine at present, therefore I presume that you will not blame me for not doing it—
15th Were I well I would …….. go up to Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

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with Br. Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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and settle with the Committee & br: Rogers, and see what is best to do, probably may come next week. If br: Stephen Markham

9 Feb. 1800–10 Mar. 1878. Carpenter, farmer, stock raiser. Born at Rush (later Avon), Ontario Co., New York. Son of David Markham and Dinah Merry. Moved to Mentor, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1809. Moved to Unionville, Geauga Co., 1810. Married Hannah Hogaboom, before...

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could sell one yoke of Cattle, and let me have the avails of them I should be glad, and I think it best to let two yoke that are up there to go to Father Myers, As to teams to move up some of the Poor, do as you think best— E. Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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— “Prest. Josh. Smith Jr., Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

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,”

14 June 1839 • Friday

14 Friday 14 Continued writing history. This evening there was a great excitement about the Jail at Columbia Mo.— Several individuals went, and called for the Jailer, but he was absent. They next called for the Jailer’s Wife, and offered her money to let the prisoners go, which she declined, and becoming alarmed raised a cry, which brought the whole village together, armed with bowie knives, guns, pistols &c but finding no one there, they soon returned home, except a few to guard the prison. This row brought different individuals, to see the prisoners, and by acquaintance, those feelings were softened towards the Saints.

15 June 1839 • Saturday

15 Joseph visits Mc.Donough Co.

Formed from Pike Co., 1825, organized 1829. Population in 1835 about 2,900. Population in 1840 about 5,300.

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Saturday 15. I started with my family, to visit Bro. Don Carlos Smith

25 Mar. 1816–7 Aug. 1841. Farmer, printer, editor. Born at Norwich, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816–Jan. 1817. Moved to Manchester, Ontario Co., 1825. Baptized into LDS church by David...

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, we met Brother William Smith

13 Mar. 1811–13 Nov. 1893. Farmer, newspaper editor. Born at Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811; to Norwich, Windsor Co., 1813; and to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816...

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on the Prairie, about four miles west of Carthage

Located eighteen miles southeast of Nauvoo. Settled 1831. Designated Hancock Co. seat, Mar. 1833. Incorporated as town, 27 Feb. 1837. Population in 1839 about 300. Population in 1844 about 400. Site of anti-Mormon meetings and resolutions, early 1840s. Site...

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, found him in good spirits, and went with him to his house in Plymouth

Village located about thirty-five miles southeast of Nauvoo. Settled 1831. Surveyed 1836. Post office established, 1837. Population in 1846 about 60. JS’s brother William Smith moved to farm in area, 1839. JS visited William, June 1839. JS’s sister Katharine...

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, found [p. 955]
<June 13> I had promised some money as soon as I could sell a yoke of Cattle, I  know of nothing else I have that I can raise money with at this time, and  they are getting to be dull sale to what they were— Sister Meeks has  been quite sick but she is getting better, she has nothing to eat, only what  she is helped to, a number of other poor here I think need assistance  Wid. Sherman for one, but if you think that all the means should be  kept up there, I have nothing to say, only, that I do not believe it to be  my duty to stay here living on expence, where I can earn nothing  for myself, nor do any thing to benefit others. As I before stated  I have promised some money as soon as I can raise it, I have not at  this time two dollars in the world $1.44 is all. I owe for my rent, and  for making clothes for some of the poor, and some other things, I am  going into the room, br. Harris leaves to save rent, what is best for me  to do I hardly know, hard labor I cannot perform, light labor I can, but  I know of no chance to earn any thing, at any thing that I can stand  it to do— It is quite sickly here, five were buried in four days, Brother  More’s Child, Sister Louisa P, and brother Pettigrew’s son Hiram, 18 or 19  years of age the other two were children of the world. I spoke to  brother Isaac Higbee about his seine, he said that he would speak to  his brother about it, He said he thought that they would sell it, or they  would come up in the fall and fish awhile, but to lend it, he thought  it would not be best as those unaccustomed to fish in the rivers would  be apt to tear it to pieces, you perceive that I have not means to get  you twine at present, therefore I presume that you will not blame me  for not doing it—
15th Were I well I would …….. go up to Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

More Info
with Br. [Newel K.] Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
 and settle with the Committee & br: Rogers, and see what is best to do,  probably may come next week. If br: [Stephen] Markham

9 Feb. 1800–10 Mar. 1878. Carpenter, farmer, stock raiser. Born at Rush (later Avon), Ontario Co., New York. Son of David Markham and Dinah Merry. Moved to Mentor, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1809. Moved to Unionville, Geauga Co., 1810. Married Hannah Hogaboom, before...

View Full Bio
could sell one yoke  of Cattle, and let me have the avails of them I should be glad, and I  think it best to let two yoke that are up there to go to Father Myers, As to  teams to move up some of the Poor, do as you think best— E. Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
 “Prest. Josh. Smith Jr., Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

More Info
,”

14 June 1839 • Friday

<14> Friday 14 Continued writing history. This evening there was  a great excitement about the Jail at Columbia Mo.— Several individuals  went, and called for the Jailer, but he was absent. They next called for the  Jailer’s Wife, and offered her money to let the prisoners go, which she declined,  and becoming alarmed raised a cry, which brought the whole village  together, armed with bowie knives, guns, pistols &c but finding no one  there, they soon returned home, except a few to guard the prison. This  row brought different individuals, to see the prisoners, and by acquaintance,  those feelings were softened towards the Saints.

15 June 1839 • Saturday

<15  Joseph visits  Mc.Donough Co.

Formed from Pike Co., 1825, organized 1829. Population in 1835 about 2,900. Population in 1840 about 5,300.

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> Saturday 15. I started with my family, to visit Bro. Don Carlos Smith

25 Mar. 1816–7 Aug. 1841. Farmer, printer, editor. Born at Norwich, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816–Jan. 1817. Moved to Manchester, Ontario Co., 1825. Baptized into LDS church by David...

View Full Bio
, we  met Brother William [Smith]

13 Mar. 1811–13 Nov. 1893. Farmer, newspaper editor. Born at Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811; to Norwich, Windsor Co., 1813; and to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816...

View Full Bio
on the Prairie, about four miles west of Carthage

Located eighteen miles southeast of Nauvoo. Settled 1831. Designated Hancock Co. seat, Mar. 1833. Incorporated as town, 27 Feb. 1837. Population in 1839 about 300. Population in 1844 about 400. Site of anti-Mormon meetings and resolutions, early 1840s. Site...

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, found  him in good spirits, and went with him to his house in Plymouth

Village located about thirty-five miles southeast of Nauvoo. Settled 1831. Surveyed 1836. Post office established, 1837. Population in 1846 about 60. JS’s brother William Smith moved to farm in area, 1839. JS visited William, June 1839. JS’s sister Katharine...

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, found [p. 955]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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