43990773

History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

August 31 and setting in order many of the branches, and ordaining many to the Ministry, who are diligent in preaching, as they have opportunity on the Sabbath in the surrounding villages.

1 September 1839 • Sunday

September 1 Sunday September 1. I attended meeting and spoke concerning some errors in Parley P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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s writings &c &c This week sickness much decreased.

9 September 1839 • Monday

9 Monday 9. and greater part of the week I spent in visiting the sick and attending to the Settlement of our new Town.

11 September 1839 • Wednesday

11. Wednesday 11
Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

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, Ill: 11th. Septr. 1839— Dear Brother Isaac Galland

15 May 1791–27 Sept. 1858. Merchant, postmaster, land speculator, doctor. Born at Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Matthew Galland and Hannah Fenno. Married first Nancy Harris, 22 Mar. 1811, in Madison Co., Ohio. Married second Margaret Knight, by 1816....

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— We have had the great pleasure of receiving your favor of the 24th. July, and learning thereby that you and your family had arrived at Chillicothe in safety and in health. We perceive that you have had rather a narrow escape from a serious accident, and doubtless the hand of the Lord is to be acknowledged in the matter, although unperceived by mortal eye. Time and experience will teach us more and more, how easily falshood gains credence with mankind in general, rather than the truth, but especially in taking into consideration the plan of Salvation; the plain simple order of the gospel of Jesus Christ, never has been discerned or acknowledged as the truth except by a few, among whom were “not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble,”— whilst the majority have contented themselves with their own private opinions, or have adopted those of others according as their address, their philosophy, their formula, their policy or their finesse may have attracted their attention or pleased their taste. But Sir of all the other criterions whereby we may judge of the vanity of these things, one will be always found true, namely; that we will always find such characters glorying in their own wisdom, and their own works, whilst the humble Saint, gives all the glory to God the Father, and to his son Jesus Christ, whose yoke is easy and whose burthen is light, and who told his disciples that unless they became like little children, they could not enter the Kingdom of Heaven. As to the situation of the Church here, matters go with us as well as can reasonably be expected, we have had considerable sickness amongst us, but very few deaths, and as the greater part are now recovering, we yet hope to have shelters provided before the winter shall set in. Since you left here we have purchased out all Mr. Horace Hotchkiss

15 Apr. 1799–21 Apr. 1849. Merchant, land speculator. Born in East Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Heman Hotchkiss and Elizabeth Rowe. Moved to New Haven, New Haven Co., by 1815. Married Charlotte Austin Street, 22 Feb. 1824, in East Haven. Purchased...

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interest hereabouts— his farm we have laid out additional to our Town, Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, and the Town of Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

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we also hope to build up. Some of the “Twelve” and others have already started for Europe, and the remainder of that Mission we expect will go now in a few days— According to intelligence received since you left, the work of the Lord rolls on in a very pleasing manner, both in this, and in the old Country. In England many hundreds have of late been added to our numbers; but so— even so, it must be, for, “Ephraim he hath mixed himself among the people.” And the Savior he hath said “my sheep hear my voice” and also “he that heareth you, heareth me”. And “Behold I will bring them again from the North Country, and gather them from the Coasts of the Earth &c and as John heard the voice saying “come out of her my people”, even so must all be fulfilled, that the People of the Lord may live, when “Babylon the great [p. 966]
<August 31> and setting in order many of the branches, and ordaining many to the  Ministry, who are diligent in preaching, as they have opportunity on the  Sabbath in the surrounding villages.

1 September 1839 • Sunday

<September 1> Sunday September 1. I attended meeting and spoke concerning some  errors in Parley P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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s writings &c &c This week sickness much decreased.

9 September 1839 • Monday

<9> Monday 9. and greater part of the week I spent in visiting the sick  and attending to the Settlement of our new Town.

11 September 1839 • Wednesday

<11.> Wednesday 11
Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

More Info
, Ill: 11th. Septr. 1839— Dear Brother [Isaac] Galland

15 May 1791–27 Sept. 1858. Merchant, postmaster, land speculator, doctor. Born at Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Matthew Galland and Hannah Fenno. Married first Nancy Harris, 22 Mar. 1811, in Madison Co., Ohio. Married second Margaret Knight, by 1816....

View Full Bio
 We have had the great pleasure of receiving your favor of the 24th. July, and learning  thereby that you and your family had arrived at Chillicothe in safety and in  health. We perceive that you have had rather a narrow escape from <a> serious  accident, and doubtless the hand of the Lord is to be acknowledged in the matter,  although unperceived by mortal eye. Time and experience will teach us  more and more, how easily falshood gains credence with mankind in general,  rather than the truth, but especially in taking into consideration the plan of  Salvation; the plain simple order of the gospel of Jesus Christ, never has been discerned  or acknowledged as the truth except by a few, among whom were “not many wise  men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble,”— whilst the majority have  contented themselves with their own private opinions, or have adopted those of others  according as their address, their philosophy, their formula, their policy  or their finesse may have attracted their attention or pleased their taste.  But Sir of all the other criterions whereby we may judge of the vanity of  these things, one will be always found true, namely; that we will always  find such characters glorying in their own wisdom, and their own works,  whilst the humble Saint, gives all the glory to God the Father, and to his  son Jesus Christ, whose yoke is easy and whose burthen is light, and who  told his disciples that unless they became like little children, they could  not enter the Kingdom of Heaven. As to the situation of the Church  here, matters go with us as well as can reasonably be expected, we have had  considerable sickness amongst us, but very few deaths, and as the greater part  are now recovering, we yet hope to have shelters provided before the winter  shall set in. Since you left here we have purchased out all Mr. [Horace] Hotchkiss

15 Apr. 1799–21 Apr. 1849. Merchant, land speculator. Born in East Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Heman Hotchkiss and Elizabeth Rowe. Moved to New Haven, New Haven Co., by 1815. Married Charlotte Austin Street, 22 Feb. 1824, in East Haven. Purchased...

View Full Bio
 interest hereabouts— his farm we have laid out additional to our Town, Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
,  and the Town of Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

More Info
we also hope to build up. Some of the “Twelve”  and others have already started for Europe, and the remainder of that Mission  we expect will go now in a few days— According to intelligence received since  you left, the work of the Lord rolls on in a very pleasing manner, both in this,  and in the old Country. In England many hundreds have of late been  added to our numbers; but so— even so, it must be, for, “Ephraim he hath mixed  himself among the people.” And the Savior he hath said “my sheep hear my  voice” and also “he that heareth you, heareth me”. And “Behold I will bring  them again from the North Country, and gather them from the Coasts of the Earth &c  and as John heard the voice saying “come out of her my people”, even so must  all be fulfilled, that the People of the Lord may live, when “Babylon the great [p. 966]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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