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History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

August 21 placed it close to my ear, and swore if I attempted to get away, that he would blow out my brains, they then commenced to whip me with large Gads which they had for the purpose, and literally mangled me from my Shoulders to my Knees. there were in company as near as I could recollect twelve or fourteen, they were striped of their hats and coats, with their sleeves rolled up, and collars open, which made them look like murderers and robbers; the names as far as I can recollect were Monday, Uno, and Martin, the others I do not recollect, after keeping me tied in this condition I should think an hour and a half, they then brought Mr. Brown to me, and after some consultation, loosed me from the tree where I was tied, and led us back to the Town, put us in a room where I saw Noah Rogers and James Allred, they then tied them about the neck, and led them out, and in the course of the night, they brought them back to the room where we were. Brother Rogers said they stripped him, and whipped him very bad, this was on the seventh of July, the next day Rogers and myself were taken before a magistrate, nothing proven against us, only that we were Mormons, and we were ordered to Prison. Brown and Alred by some means were liberated but we (Rogers and myself) were put into a Jail and put in Irons until the twenty first of August when through the kindness of God we made our escape and returned to Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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Benjamin Boyce”

23 August 1840 • Sunday

23 Sunday— Uncle John Smith

16 July 1781–23 May 1854. Farmer. Born at Derryfield (later Manchester), Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Member of Congregational Church. Appointed overseer of highways at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York, 1810. Married...

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journalized: “Attended meeting at Nashville

Settled by Isaac Galland, 1829. Undeveloped town site purchased by LDS church, 1839. Laid out and incorporated, 1841, but charter never adopted. Featured one of nine branches within Iowa Stake (later Zarahemla Stake). Branch consisted of eighty members, Aug...

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, Joseph and Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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present, and a large assembly of Saints, who voted to commence building a city at Nashville

Settled by Isaac Galland, 1829. Undeveloped town site purchased by LDS church, 1839. Laid out and incorporated, 1841, but charter never adopted. Featured one of nine branches within Iowa Stake (later Zarahemla Stake). Branch consisted of eighty members, Aug...

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and a place of worship.” Ten were confirmed at the Carpenters Hall, Manchester.

29 August 1840 • Saturday

29 Saturday. Elder Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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writes, the brethren are beginning to excite attention in some of the public grounds in London. Outdoor preaching is common in England

30 August 1840 • Sunday

30 Sunday “Joseph Smith Jr preached at Nashville

Settled by Isaac Galland, 1829. Undeveloped town site purchased by LDS church, 1839. Laid out and incorporated, 1841, but charter never adopted. Featured one of nine branches within Iowa Stake (later Zarahemla Stake). Branch consisted of eighty members, Aug...

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on eternal judgement and the eternal duration if matter.” -[From Uncle John Smith

16 July 1781–23 May 1854. Farmer. Born at Derryfield (later Manchester), Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Member of Congregational Church. Appointed overseer of highways at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York, 1810. Married...

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’s journal]- Twenty were confirmed at the Hall in Manchester.
The Electric Telegraph is beginning to be used on the Great Western Railroad in England, between Drayton and Paddington by which intelligence is communicated at the rate of 200,000 miles per second.

31 August 1840 • Monday

31 Monday Elder Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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baptized Henry Connor, Watchmaker, 52 Ironmongers Row. London in Peerless. Pool being the first baptized in that place; and confirmed him the same evening.

September 1840

What date is this Epistle? There is no beginning of Sep. shown in this history!
“To the Saints scattered abroad— Beloved brethren:— We address a few lines to the Church of Jesus Christ, who have obeyed from the heart, that form of doctrine which has been delivered to them by the servants of the Lord, and who are desirous to go forward in the ways of truth and righteousness and by obedience to the heavenly command, escape the things which are coming on the Earth, and secure to themselves an inheritance among the sanctified in the world to come. Having been placed in a very responsible situation in the Church, we at all times feel interested in the welfare of the Saints and make mention of them continually in our prayers to our Heavenly Father, that they may be kept from the evils which are in the world, and ever be found walking in the path of truth. The work of the Lord in these last days, is one of vast magnitude and almost beyond the comprehension of mortals: its glories are past description and its grandeur insurpassable. It is the theme which has animated the bosom of prophets [p. 1091]
<August 21> placed it close to my ear, and swore if I attempted to get away, that he  would blow out my brains, they then commenced to whip me with large  Gads which they had for the purpose, and literally mangled me from my  Shoulders to my Knees. there were in company as near as I could recollect  twelve or fourteen, they were striped of their hats and coats, with their  sleeves rolled up, and collars open, which made them look like murderers  and robbers; the names as far as I can recollect were Monday, Uno,  and Martin, the others I do not recollect, after keeping me tied in this  condition I should think an hour and a half, they then brought Mr. Brown  to me, and after some consultation, loosed me from the tree where I was  tied, and led us back to the Town, put us in a room where I saw Noah  Rogers and James Al[l]red, they then tied them about the neck, and led  them out, and in the course of the night, they brought them back to the  room where we were. Brother Rogers said they stripped him, and whipped  him very bad, this was on the seventh of July, the next day Rogers and  myself were taken before a magistrate, nothing proven against us, only  that we were Mormons, and we were ordered to Prison. Brown and  Alred by some means were liberated but we (Rogers and myself) were  put into a Jail and put in Irons until the twenty first of August when  through the kindness of God we made our escape and returned to Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
 Benjamin Boyce”

23 August 1840 • Sunday

<23> Sunday— <Uncle John Smith

16 July 1781–23 May 1854. Farmer. Born at Derryfield (later Manchester), Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Member of Congregational Church. Appointed overseer of highways at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York, 1810. Married...

View Full Bio
journalized: “Attended meeting at Nashville

Settled by Isaac Galland, 1829. Undeveloped town site purchased by LDS church, 1839. Laid out and incorporated, 1841, but charter never adopted. Featured one of nine branches within Iowa Stake (later Zarahemla Stake). Branch consisted of eighty members, Aug...

More Info
, Joseph and Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

View Full Bio
present, and a  large assembly of Saints, who voted to commence building a city at Nashville

Settled by Isaac Galland, 1829. Undeveloped town site purchased by LDS church, 1839. Laid out and incorporated, 1841, but charter never adopted. Featured one of nine branches within Iowa Stake (later Zarahemla Stake). Branch consisted of eighty members, Aug...

More Info
and a place of worship.”> Ten were confirmed at the Carpenters Hall, Manchester.

29 August 1840 • Saturday

<29> Saturday. Elder [Heber C.] Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

View Full Bio
writes, the brethren are beginning to excite attention  in some of the public grounds in London. Outdoor preaching is common in England

30 August 1840 • Sunday

<30> Sunday <“Joseph Smith Jr preached at Nashville

Settled by Isaac Galland, 1829. Undeveloped town site purchased by LDS church, 1839. Laid out and incorporated, 1841, but charter never adopted. Featured one of nine branches within Iowa Stake (later Zarahemla Stake). Branch consisted of eighty members, Aug...

More Info
on eternal judgement and the eternal duration if matter.” -[From Uncle  John Smith

16 July 1781–23 May 1854. Farmer. Born at Derryfield (later Manchester), Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Member of Congregational Church. Appointed overseer of highways at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York, 1810. Married...

View Full Bio
’s journal]-> Twenty were confirmed at the Hall in Manchester.
The Electric Telegraph is beginning to be used on the Great Western Railroad  in England, between Drayton and Paddington by which intelligence is communicated  at the rate of 200,000 miles per second.
This day was the first public preaching of the Gospel in the Streets of London.

31 August 1840 • Monday

<31> Monday Elder [Heber C.] Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

View Full Bio
baptized Henry Connor, Watchmaker, 52 Ironmongers  Row. London <in Peerless. Pool> <being the first baptized in that place; and confirmed him the same evening.>

September 1840

<What date is this Epistle?  There is no beginning of Sep.  shown in this history!>
“To the Saints scattered abroad— Beloved brethren:— We address a few  lines to the Church of Jesus Christ, who have obeyed from the heart, that form of  doctrine which has been delivered to them by the servants of the Lord, and who  are desirous to go forward in the ways of truth and righteousness and by obedience  to the heavenly command, escape the things which are coming on the Earth, and  secure to themselves an inheritance among the sanctified in the world to come.  Having been placed in a very responsible situation in the Church, we at all  times feel interested in the welfare of the Saints and make mention of them  continually in our prayers to our Heavenly Father, that they may be kept from  the evils which are in the world, and ever be found walking in the path of truth.  The work of the Lord in these last days, is one of vast magnitude and almost  beyond the comprehension of mortals: its glories are past description and its grandeur  insurpassable. It is the theme which has animated the bosom of prophets [p. 1091]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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