53992716

History, circa June–October 1839 [Draft 1]

accordance with commandments and revelations, given by him to ourselves, in these last days; as well as according to the order of the Church of Christ, as found recorded in the New Testament.
Severals persons who attended this meeting, but who had not as yet been baptized, came forward shortly after, and were received into the church having on that occasion got entirely convinced of the truth of the work. Among the rest Father Smith

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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, Martin Harris

18 May 1783–10 July 1875. Farmer. Born at Easton, Albany Co., New York. Son of Nathan Harris and Rhoda Lapham. Moved with parents to area of Swift’s landing (later in Palmyra), Ontario Co., New York, 1793. Married first his first cousin Lucy Harris, 27 Mar...

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& Mother Smith

8 July 1775–14 May 1856. Oilcloth painter, nurse, fund-raiser, author. Born at Gilsum, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Daughter of Solomon Mack Sr. and Lydia Gates. Moved to Montague, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, 1779; to Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont, 1788...

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Revelation page 176—& Revelation 178
 
On Sunday April 11th 1830, we held a public meeting by appointment at Whitmer

14 Apr. 1773–13 Aug. 1854. Farmer. Born at Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer and likely Maria Salome. Member of Presbyterian church. Married Mary Musselman, before 1798, in Pennsylvania. Lived in Lebanon Township, Dauphin Co., by...

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’s [blank] Fayette

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

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Seneca Co. NY—, When Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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preached the first real public sermon, which was deliverd by any member of our Church, we had a crowded audience, And the same day he baptized the following persons viz: Hiram Page

1800–12 Aug. 1852. Physician, farmer. Born in Vermont. Married Catherine Whitmer, 10 Nov. 1825, in Seneca Co., New York. One of the Eight Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, June 1829. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 11 Apr. 1830, at Seneca Lake,...

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Katharine Catherine Whitmer Page

Ca. 1807–after 1880. Farmer. Likely born in Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Moved to Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, by 1810. Married Hiram Page, 10 Nov. 1825, in Seneca Co. Baptized into LDS church,...

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, Christian Whitmer

18 Jan. 1798–27 Nov. 1835. Shoemaker. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Married Anna (Anne) Schott, 22 Feb. 1825, at Seneca Co., New York. Ensign in New York militia, 1825. Constable of Fayette, Seneca Co., 1828–1829. Member...

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, Anne Schott Whitmer, Jacob Whitmer

27 Jan. 1800–21 Apr. 1856. Shoemaker, farmer. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Married Elizabeth Schott, 29 Sept. 1825, at Seneca Co., New York. One of the Eight Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, June 1829. Baptized into LDS...

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, & Elizabeth Schott Whitmer

1803–4 Apr. 1876. Born in Pennsylvania. Daughter of Frederick Schott and Anna Rathfon. Resided in Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, by 1820. Married Jacob Whitmer, 29 Sept. 1825, Seneca Co. Baptized into LDS church, 11 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. Moved...

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and Mary Page, And on the 18th of said month Peter Whitmer Senr

14 Apr. 1773–13 Aug. 1854. Farmer. Born at Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer and likely Maria Salome. Member of Presbyterian church. Married Mary Musselman, before 1798, in Pennsylvania. Lived in Lebanon Township, Dauphin Co., by...

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Mary Musselman Whitmer

27 Aug. 1778–Jan. 1856. Born in Germany. Immigrated to Pennsylvania. Married Peter Whitmer Sr., before 1798, in Pennsylvania. Lived in Lebanon Township, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania, by 1800. Moved to Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, by 1809. Member of German ...

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, William Jolly

1777–3 Apr. 1863. Farmer. Born in New York. Son of John Jolly. Resided at Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, as early as 1804. Married Elizabeth Stones, before 1809, likely in New York. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 18 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Lake,...

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Elizabeth Stones Jolly

1788–22 Oct. 1843. Married William Jolly, before 1809, likely in New York. Resided at Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, by 1810. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 18 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. Moved to Parkman, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1831. Died...

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Vincent Jolly

1809–18 Dec. 1866. Farmer. Born in New York, likely at Fayette, Seneca Co. Son of William Jolly and Elizabeth Stones. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 18 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. Moved to Geauga Co., Ohio, 1831, and settled in Parkman...

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—Richd. B. Peterson, and Elizabeth Ann Whitmer

22 Jan. 1815–7 Jan. 1892. Born in Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Daughter of Peter Whitmer and Mary Musselman. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 18 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Co. Moved to Jackson Co., Missouri, by 1832. Married Oliver Cowdery, 18 Dec....

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.
During this month of April, I went on a visit to the residence of Mr Joseph Knight’s Joseph Knight Sr.

3 Nov. 1772–2 Feb. 1847. Farmer, miller. Born at Oakham, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Son of Benjamin Knight and Sarah Crouch. Lived at Marlboro, Windham Co., Vermont, by 1780. Married first Polly Peck, 1795, in Windham Co. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge...

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—of Colesville

Area settled, beginning 1785. Formed from Windsor Township, Apr. 1821. Population in 1830 about 2,400. Villages within township included Harpursville, Nineveh, and Colesville. Susquehanna River ran through eastern portion of township. JS worked for Joseph...

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—Broom Co. N.Y with whom I had been formerly well acquainted, as well as with his family and in the Neighborhood generally—Mr Knigth

3 Nov. 1772–2 Feb. 1847. Farmer, miller. Born at Oakham, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Son of Benjamin Knight and Sarah Crouch. Lived at Marlboro, Windham Co., Vermont, by 1780. Married first Polly Peck, 1795, in Windham Co. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge...

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& his family were Universalists—but were as usual glad to see me and very friendly and willing to reason on the subject of religion, We held several meetings in the neighborhood, we had many friends and some enemies—our meetings were well attended however, and many began to pray fervently to Almighty God to give them wisdom to understand the truth; Among those who attended our meetings regularly, was Newel Knights Knight

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

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, son to Joseph Knights

3 Nov. 1772–2 Feb. 1847. Farmer, miller. Born at Oakham, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Son of Benjamin Knight and Sarah Crouch. Lived at Marlboro, Windham Co., Vermont, by 1780. Married first Polly Peck, 1795, in Windham Co. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge...

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, He and I had frequent conversations on this important subject of the plan of man’s eternal salvation, we had got into the habit of praying much at our meetings [p. [11]]
accordance with commandments and revelations, given by him to  ourselves, in these last days; as well as according to the order of the Church  of Christ, as found recorded in the New Testament.
Severals persons who attended this meeting, but who had <not> as yet been  baptized, came forward shortly after, and were received into the church  having on that occasion got entirely convinced of the truth of the work.  <Among th[e] rest Father Smith

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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, Martin Harris

18 May 1783–10 July 1875. Farmer. Born at Easton, Albany Co., New York. Son of Nathan Harris and Rhoda Lapham. Moved with parents to area of Swift’s landing (later in Palmyra), Ontario Co., New York, 1793. Married first his first cousin Lucy Harris, 27 Mar...

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& Mother Smith

8 July 1775–14 May 1856. Oilcloth painter, nurse, fund-raiser, author. Born at Gilsum, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Daughter of Solomon Mack Sr. and Lydia Gates. Moved to Montague, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, 1779; to Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont, 1788...

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>
Revelation page 176—& Revelation 178
 
On Sunday April 11th 1830, Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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preached at
<Mr.> <we held a public meeting by  appointment at> Whitmer

14 Apr. 1773–13 Aug. 1854. Farmer. Born at Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer and likely Maria Salome. Member of Presbyterian church. Married Mary Musselman, before 1798, in Pennsylvania. Lived in Lebanon Township, Dauphin Co., by...

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’s [blank]10

TEXT: It is possible that James Mulholland originally inscribed “Revelation page 176—& Revelation 178 | On Sunday April 11th 1830, Oliver Cowdery preached at Whitmer’s” and then left a large blank space to be filled in later, as he had done on page 9 of Draft 2. If that is the case, then the rest of this paragraph was a later insertion.  


Fayette

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

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Seneca Co. NY—, When Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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 preached the first <real> public sermon, which was deliverd by any Elder <member> of our  Church, we had a crowded audience, And the same day he baptized  the following persons viz: Hiram Page

1800–12 Aug. 1852. Physician, farmer. Born in Vermont. Married Catherine Whitmer, 10 Nov. 1825, in Seneca Co., New York. One of the Eight Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, June 1829. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 11 Apr. 1830, at Seneca Lake,...

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Katharine [Catherine Whitmer] Page

Ca. 1807–after 1880. Farmer. Likely born in Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Moved to Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, by 1810. Married Hiram Page, 10 Nov. 1825, in Seneca Co. Baptized into LDS church,...

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, Christian  Whitmer

18 Jan. 1798–27 Nov. 1835. Shoemaker. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Married Anna (Anne) Schott, 22 Feb. 1825, at Seneca Co., New York. Ensign in New York militia, 1825. Constable of Fayette, Seneca Co., 1828–1829. Member...

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, Anne [Schott] Whitmer, Jacob Whitmer

27 Jan. 1800–21 Apr. 1856. Shoemaker, farmer. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Married Elizabeth Schott, 29 Sept. 1825, at Seneca Co., New York. One of the Eight Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, June 1829. Baptized into LDS...

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, & Elizabeth [Schott] Whitmer

1803–4 Apr. 1876. Born in Pennsylvania. Daughter of Frederick Schott and Anna Rathfon. Resided in Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, by 1820. Married Jacob Whitmer, 29 Sept. 1825, Seneca Co. Baptized into LDS church, 11 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. Moved...

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 and Mary Page, And on the 18th of said month Peter Whitmer  Senr

14 Apr. 1773–13 Aug. 1854. Farmer. Born at Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer and likely Maria Salome. Member of Presbyterian church. Married Mary Musselman, before 1798, in Pennsylvania. Lived in Lebanon Township, Dauphin Co., by...

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Mary [Musselman] Whitmer

27 Aug. 1778–Jan. 1856. Born in Germany. Immigrated to Pennsylvania. Married Peter Whitmer Sr., before 1798, in Pennsylvania. Lived in Lebanon Township, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania, by 1800. Moved to Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, by 1809. Member of German ...

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, William Jolly

1777–3 Apr. 1863. Farmer. Born in New York. Son of John Jolly. Resided at Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, as early as 1804. Married Elizabeth Stones, before 1809, likely in New York. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 18 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Lake,...

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Elizabeth [Stones] Jolly

1788–22 Oct. 1843. Married William Jolly, before 1809, likely in New York. Resided at Fayette, Seneca Co., New York, by 1810. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 18 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. Moved to Parkman, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1831. Died...

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Vincent  Jolly

1809–18 Dec. 1866. Farmer. Born in New York, likely at Fayette, Seneca Co. Son of William Jolly and Elizabeth Stones. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 18 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. Moved to Geauga Co., Ohio, 1831, and settled in Parkman...

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—Richd. B. Peterson, and Elizabeth Ann Whitmer

22 Jan. 1815–7 Jan. 1892. Born in Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Daughter of Peter Whitmer and Mary Musselman. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 18 Apr. 1830, in Seneca Co. Moved to Jackson Co., Missouri, by 1832. Married Oliver Cowdery, 18 Dec....

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.
<Conference Jun 1rst>  June 10th 1830 David Whitmer

7 Jan. 1805–25 Jan. 1888. Farmer, livery keeper. Born near Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Raised Presbyterian. Moved to Ontario Co., New York, shortly after birth. Attended German Reformed Church. Arranged...

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baptized John Poorman, John Jolly

2 Mar. 1812–11 Feb. 1885. Farmer. Born in New York, likely at Fayette, Seneca Co. Son of William Jolly and Elizabeth Stones. Baptized into LDS church by David Whitmer, June 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. Moved to Parkman, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1831. Married...

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 Julia Anne Jolly

7 Feb. 1815–25 Feb. 1889. Born in New York, likely at Fayette, Seneca Co. Daughter of William Jolly and Elizabeth Stones. Baptized into LDS church by David Whitmer, June 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. Married David Whitmer, 9 Jan. 1831, at Fayette. Moved...

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and Harriett Jolly

Apr. 1816–May 1865. Born in New York, likely at Fayette, Seneca Co. Daughter of William Jolly and Elizabeth Stones. Baptized into LDS church by David Whitmer, June 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. Moved to Parkman, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1831. Married Arza Bisbee...

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Jerushee [Jerusha Barden] Smith

15 Feb. 1805–13 Oct. 1837. Born in Norfolk, Litchfield Co., Connecticut. Daughter of Seth Barden and Sarah. Moved to Greene, Chenango Co., New York, by 1820. Married Hyrum Smith, 2 Nov. 1826, in Manchester, Ontario Co., New York. Moved to Palmyra, Wayne Co...

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, Kath[a]rine  Smith

28 July 1813–2 Feb. 1900. Seamstress, weaver. Born at Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire. Daughter of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Norwich, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1813; to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816–Jan. 1817; and to Manchester, Ontario...

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Wm Smith

13 Mar. 1811–13 Nov. 1893. Farmer, newspaper editor. Born at Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811; to Norwich, Windsor Co., 1813; and to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816...

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, Don C[arlos] Smith

25 Mar. 1816–7 Aug. 1841. Farmer, printer, editor. Born at Norwich, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816–Jan. 1817. Moved to Manchester, Ontario Co., 1825. Baptized into LDS church by David...

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, [Orrin] Porter Rockwell

June 1814–9 June 1878. Ferry operator, herdsman, farmer. Born in Belchertown, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Orin Rockwell and Sarah Witt. Moved to Farmington (later in Manchester), Ontario Co., New York, 1817. Neighbor to JS. Baptized into LDS church...

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, Caroline  Rockwell

Ca. 1812–20 Feb. 1887. Born in Massachusetts. Daughter of Orin Rockwell and Sarah Witt. Moved to Farmington, Ontario Co., New York, by Aug. 1820. Baptized into LDS church by David Whitmer, ca. 9 June 1830, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co., New York. Moved to Ohio...

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and Electa Rockwell

May 1816–12 Nov. 1900. Farmer. Likely born in Belchertown, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Daughter of Orin Rockwell and Sarah Witt. Moved to Farmington, Ontario Co., New York, by Aug. 1820. Baptized into LDS church by David Whitmer, ca. 9 June 1830, in Seneca...

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, The last eleven were all baptized  in Seneca lake——
During this month of June <April>, I went in company with Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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<on a visit>  to the residence of Mr Joseph Knight’s [Joseph Knight Sr.]

3 Nov. 1772–2 Feb. 1847. Farmer, miller. Born at Oakham, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Son of Benjamin Knight and Sarah Crouch. Lived at Marlboro, Windham Co., Vermont, by 1780. Married first Polly Peck, 1795, in Windham Co. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge...

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—of Colesville

Area settled, beginning 1785. Formed from Windsor Township, Apr. 1821. Population in 1830 about 2,400. Villages within township included Harpursville, Nineveh, and Colesville. Susquehanna River ran through eastern portion of township. JS worked for Joseph...

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—Broom Co. N.Y  with whom I had been formerly well acquainted, as well as with his family  and in the Neighborhood generally—Mr Knigth

3 Nov. 1772–2 Feb. 1847. Farmer, miller. Born at Oakham, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Son of Benjamin Knight and Sarah Crouch. Lived at Marlboro, Windham Co., Vermont, by 1780. Married first Polly Peck, 1795, in Windham Co. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge...

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& his family were  Universalists—but were as usual glad to see us <me> and very friendly  and willing to reason on the subject of religion, We held several meetings in  the neighborhood, we had many friends and some enemies—our meetings  were well <attended> however, and many began to pray fervently to Almighty God to give  them wisdom to understand the truth; Among those who attended our  meetings regularly, was Newel Knights [Knight]

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

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, son to Joseph Knights

3 Nov. 1772–2 Feb. 1847. Farmer, miller. Born at Oakham, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Son of Benjamin Knight and Sarah Crouch. Lived at Marlboro, Windham Co., Vermont, by 1780. Married first Polly Peck, 1795, in Windham Co. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge...

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, He and  I had frequent conversations on this important subject of the plan of man’s  eternal salvation, we had got into the habit of praying much at our meetings [p. [11]]
PreviousNext
The history drafted in 1839 was inscribed by James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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, who began writing for JS on 3 September 1838. In addition to his work on the history, Mulholland served as a scribe for patriarchal blessing records, JS’s second letterbook, and JS’s journals. After an interruption of his clerical work brought on by JS’s Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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imprisonment, Mulholland “commenced again to write for the Church” on 22 April 1839.1

Mulholland, Journal, 22 Apr. 1839.  


JS’s journal noted that JS “began to study & prepare to dictate history” on 10 June and that he dictated history while Mulholland wrote on 11–14 June.2

JS, Journal, 10, 11, and 12–14 June 1839; see also Mulholland, Journal, 10–15 June 1839.  


During JS’s 15–26 June absence from Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

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while visiting his brothers William

13 Mar. 1811–13 Nov. 1893. Farmer, newspaper editor. Born at Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811; to Norwich, Windsor Co., 1813; and to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816...

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and Don Carlos

25 Mar. 1816–7 Aug. 1841. Farmer, printer, editor. Born at Norwich, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816–Jan. 1817. Moved to Manchester, Ontario Co., 1825. Baptized into LDS church by David...

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, Mulholland remained in Commerce, “writing history” on three days and “studying for history” for part of another day.3

Mulholland, Journal, 17–20 June 1839.  


Work done by Mulholland in JS’s absence may have included organizing sources from which to compile history, drafting the history itself from other sources, or making a clean draft of the history, as explained in the next section. After JS returned, he dictated history to Mulholland on three additional days.4

JS, Journal, 3 and 4–5 July 1839; Mulholland, Journal, 3–6 July 1839.  


Mulholland mentioned in his journal spending several more days writing for the church, without specifying which project he was working on.5

See Mulholland’s journal entries from July to October 1839.  


Because the history produced by JS and Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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in 1838 is not extant, it is impossible to know the exact relationship between that work and the extant versions of JS’s history presented here. It is probable, however, that Draft 1 represents the resumption of the historical narrative at the point where the now-lost 1838 manuscript ended. The extant draft picks up the narrative at the baptism of JS and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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and covers the publication of the Book of Mormon, the organization of the Church of Christ, and events later in 1830. The narrative covering mid-April through August 1830, much of which involved Newel Knight

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

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as either a participant or an eyewitness, is relatively detailed. It was likely during work on this portion of the history that, according to JS’s journal, JS was “assisted by Br Newel Knight.”6

JS, Journal, 4–5 July 1839.  


When James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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created the twenty-five-page Draft 1, it appears he began with an outline, identifying revelations, events, and other pieces of information and leaving blank space between these notations to be filled in later with connective narrative supplied by JS, Knight

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

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, or other sources. Beginning on the second page, Mulholland named particular revelation texts from the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants that were to be inserted into the history, but he did not copy the full texts from the Doctrine and Covenants into this draft. The revelations served as the initial threads around which JS wove his dictated narrative. Beginning with page 9 of Draft 1, following the notation to insert the title page of the Book of Mormon, the inscription pattern becomes much more complex. It appears that at this point, Mulholland began to write in dates of conferences, names of individuals baptized, and other key details, leaving large blank spaces between. This procedure for creating the history was not without drawbacks. When Mulholland came back and composed text or transcribed JS’s dictation to fill in the details, the narrative sometimes exceeded the reserved space, forcing Mulholland to squeeze extra lines of text onto the page. At other times the inserted narrative fell short of filling in all the blank space set aside for it. False starts are evident throughout much of the middle portion of the draft history.
JS’s work on the history was interrupted in early July 1839 when a malaria epidemic in Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

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and vicinity required JS and Emma Smith

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

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to attend to the sick for an extended period.7

See JS, Journal, 8 July–28 Sept. 1839.  


Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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continued to work on JS’s history until at least 26 July. Many of the entries in his personal journal that mention “writing for the Church” may refer to additional work on the history. Mulholland’s tenure as a scribe was cut short when he died on 3 November 1839, possibly the victim of a stroke.8

Emma Smith, Nauvoo, IL, to JS, Washington DC, 6 Dec. 1839, Charles Aldrich Autograph Collection, State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines.  


For more information about the relationship between this draft and Drafts 2 and 3, see Introduction to Early Drafts of History, 1838–1856. Note that the transcript includes only annotation that relates to textual aspects of this draft; Draft 2 carries the historical annotation.

Facts