30694

Letter from Oliver Cowdery, 8 April 1831

man he also says that we have put more into the lamenites

A term used in the Book of Mormon to refer to the descendants or followers of Laman, as well as those who later identified themselves as Lamanites because they did not believe in the religious traditions of their ancestors. According to JS and the Book of...

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during the short time we we were permited to be with them (which was but a few days) then all the devels in the infernal pit and and and all the men on earth can get out of them in four generations he tells me that, that evry Nation have now the name of Nephy who is the son of Nephi & handed down to this very generation, there is only a part of that Nation here now but the remainder are expected this spring9

In fall 1830, an advance party of the Delaware migrated from southwest Missouri to their newly granted lands in what would become Kansas. The majority of the Delaware did not arrive until later in the spring, and Cowdery’s letter demonstrates that the larger group had not yet arrived by 8 April 1831. (Weslager, Delaware Indians, 369–371; Weslager, Delaware Indian Westward Migration, 217.)  


the principle chief10

Kikthawenund, also known as William Anderson. (Weslager, Delaware Indians, 329.)  


says he believes evry word of the Book11 & there are many more in the Nation who believe and we understand there are many among the Shawnees who also believe & we trust that when the Lord shall open our way we shall have glorious times for truly my brethren my heart sorrows for them for they are cast out & dispised and know not the God in whom they should trust12

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 537 [Mormon 9:20].  


we have traveld about in this country considerable and proclaimed repentence and many are very serious & honest, Brother Peter Whitmer Jr.

27 Sept. 1809–22 Sept. 1836. Tailor. Born at Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. One of the Eight Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, June 1829. Among six...

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& Ziba Peterson

Ca. 1810–1849. Teacher, farmer, law officer. Born in New York. Lived in Macedon, Wayne Co., New York, ca. 1830. Baptized into LDS church. Ordained an elder, by 9 June 1830. Served mission to Ohio and Missouri, 1830–1831. Stripped of office of elder, Aug. ...

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started this day to go across the Missouri River

One of longest rivers in North America, in excess of 3,000 miles. From headwaters in Montana to confluence with Mississippi River near Saint Louis, Missouri River drains 580,000 square miles (about one-sixth of continental U.S.). Explored by Lewis and Clark...

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to preach by request and myself

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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& Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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are together and will hold a meeting next Sunday at the house we are teaching school for we concluded that we were able and also willing to Labour with our hands for our support but while we do this we do not forget the ministry and are thankful that our heavenly Father has endowed us with faculties to do this for our support the agent for The Lamanites13

Federal Indian agent Richard W. Cummins.  


is very strict with us and we think somewhat strenuous respecting our having liberty to visit our brethren the Lamanites but we trust that when our brother Parly Parley P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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returns14

Pratt departed for the East, traveling via St. Louis, on 14 February 1831, presumably carrying with him Cowdery’s letter of the same date to superintendent of Indian affairs William Clark in St. Louis. Nearly eight weeks later, at the time of this 8 April letter, Cowdery likely supposed that Pratt had arrived in Ohio and was either on his way back to Missouri or soon would be. In fact, Pratt had been delayed by illness on his way to Kirtland, and his 7 and 9 May 1831 assignments to serve a mission among the Shakers also extended his time in the East. He did not return to Missouri until September 1831. (Pratt, Autobiography, 61, 73.)  


we shall have a permit from General William Clark who is the Superintendent of Indian affairs west of the Mississippi

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

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who must have a reccommend or security before he can give a permit for any [p. 11]
man he also says that we have put more into the lamenites

A term used in the Book of Mormon to refer to the descendants or followers of Laman, as well as those who later identified themselves as Lamanites because they did not believe in the religious traditions of their ancestors. According to JS and the Book of...

View Glossary
 during the short time we we were permited to be with them  (which was but a few days[)] then all the devels in the infernal  pit and and and all the men on earth can get out of them in  four generations he tells me that, that evry Nation  have now the name of Nephy who is the son of Nephi  & handed down to this very generation, there is only a  part of that Nation here now but the remainder are  expected this spring9

In fall 1830, an advance party of the Delaware migrated from southwest Missouri to their newly granted lands in what would become Kansas. The majority of the Delaware did not arrive until later in the spring, and Cowdery’s letter demonstrates that the larger group had not yet arrived by 8 April 1831. (Weslager, Delaware Indians, 369–371; Weslager, Delaware Indian Westward Migration, 217.)  


the principle chief10

Kikthawenund, also known as William Anderson. (Weslager, Delaware Indians, 329.)  


says he believes  evry word of the Book11 & there are many <more> in the Nation  who believe and we understand there are many among the  Shawnees who also believe & we trust that when the  Lord shall open the <our> way we shall have glorious times  for truly my brethren my heart sorrows for them  for they are cast out & dispised and know not  the God in whom they should trust12

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 537 [Mormon 9:20].  


we have traveld  about in this country considerable and proclaimed  repentence and very <many> are very anxious serious &  honest, Brother Peter [Whitmer Jr.]

27 Sept. 1809–22 Sept. 1836. Tailor. Born at Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, in Seneca Lake, Seneca Co. One of the Eight Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, June 1829. Among six...

View Full Bio
& Ziba [Peterson]

Ca. 1810–1849. Teacher, farmer, law officer. Born in New York. Lived in Macedon, Wayne Co., New York, ca. 1830. Baptized into LDS church. Ordained an elder, by 9 June 1830. Served mission to Ohio and Missouri, 1830–1831. Stripped of office of elder, Aug. ...

View Full Bio
started this day to go to  across the Missouri River

One of longest rivers in North America, in excess of 3,000 miles. From headwaters in Montana to confluence with Mississippi River near Saint Louis, Missouri River drains 580,000 square miles (about one-sixth of continental U.S.). Explored by Lewis and Clark...

More Info
to preach by request  and myself

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
& Frederick [G. Williams]

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
are together and will hold  a meeting next Sunday at the house we are  teaching school for we concluded that we were  able and also willing to Labour with our hands  for our support but while we do this we  do not forget the ministry and are thankful  that our heavenly Father has endowed us with  faculties to do this for our support <the agent for> The Laman ites13

Federal Indian agent Richard W. Cummins.  


is very strict with us and we think some what strenuous respecting our having liberty  to visit our brethren the Lamanites but we  trust that when our brother Parly [Parley P. Pratt]

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

View Full Bio
returns14

Pratt departed for the East, traveling via St. Louis, on 14 February 1831, presumably carrying with him Cowdery’s letter of the same date to superintendent of Indian affairs William Clark in St. Louis. Nearly eight weeks later, at the time of this 8 April letter, Cowdery likely supposed that Pratt had arrived in Ohio and was either on his way back to Missouri or soon would be. In fact, Pratt had been delayed by illness on his way to Kirtland, and his 7 and 9 May 1831 assignments to serve a mission among the Shakers also extended his time in the East. He did not return to Missouri until September 1831. (Pratt, Autobiography, 61, 73.)  


we  shall have a permit from General [William] Clark who  is the Superintendent of Indian affairs west  of the Missi[ssi]ppi

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

More Info
who must have a reccommend  or security before he can give a permit for any [p. 11]
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Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, Letter, Kaw Township

Settlement by whites commenced after treaty with Osage Indians, 1825. One of three original townships organized in Jackson Co., 22 May 1827. Bordered by Missouri River on north side and Big Blue River on east and south sides; western boundary was state line...

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, MO, to “My dearly beloved brethren & sisters in the Lord” [Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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and other church members, including JS], [Kirtland Township

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, OH], 8 Apr. 1831. Featured version copied [between ca. 27 Nov. 1832 and ca. Jan. 1833] in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 10–12; handwriting of Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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; JS Collection, CHL. For more complete source information, see the source note for JS Letterbook 1.

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