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Revelation, September 1830–A [D&C 29]

fall from off their Bones & their eyes from their sockets & it shall come to pass that the Beasts of the forest & the fowls of the air shall devour them up & that great & abominable Church which is the whore of all the Earth shall be cast down by devouring fire according as it was spoken by the mouth of Ezekiel the Prophet13

The foregoing prophecies about the fate of the wicked do not match any known text from Ezekiel.  


which spoke of these things which have not come to pass as yet but shurely must as I live for abominations shall not reign & again Verily Verily I say unto you that when the thousand years are ended & men again begin to deny their god then will I spare the Earth but for a little Season & then the end shall come & the Heaven & the Earth shall be consumed & pass away & there shall be a New Heaven & a New Earth for all old things shall pass away & all things shall become New even the Heaven & the Earth & all the fulness thereof both men & beasts the fowls of the air & the fishes of the Sea & not one hair neither moat mote shall be lost for it is the workmanship of mine hand But Verily I say unto you before the Earth shall pass away Michael mine Archangel shall sound his trump & then shall all the dead awake for their graves shall be opened & they shall come forth yea even all14

See Revelation 20:5.  


& the righteous shall be gethered on my right hand unto eternal life & the wicked on my left hand will I be ashamed to own before the father Wherefore I will say unto them depart from me ye cursed into everlasting fire prepared for the devil & his Angels15

See Revelation 20:12–15; and Matthew 25:31–46.  


& now Behold I say unto you never at any time have I declared from mine own mouth that they should return for where I am they cannot come for they have no power but remember that all my Judgements are not given unto men & as the words have gone forth out of my mouth even so shall they be fulfilled that the first shall be last & that the last shall be first in all things16

See Matthew 19:30.  


Whatsoever I have created by the word of my Power which is the Power of my spirit for by the Power of my Spirit created I them yea all things both [p. 38]
fall from off their Bones & their eyes from their sockets  & it shall come to pass that their the Beasts of the forest  & the fowls of the air shall devour them up & that great  & abominable Church which is the whore of all the Earth  shall be cast down by devouring fire according as it was  spoken by the mouth of Ezekiel the Prophet13

The foregoing prophecies about the fate of the wicked do not match any known text from Ezekiel.  


which spoke  of these things which have not come to pass as yet but  shurely must as I live for abominations shall not reign  & again Verily Verily I say unto you that when the thousand  years are ended & men again begin to deny their god then  will I spare the Earth but for a little Season & then the  end shall come & the Heaven & the Earth shall be consumed  & pass away & there shall be a New Heaven & a New Earth  for all old things shall pass away & all things shall  become New even the Heaven & the Earth & all the  fulness thereof both men & beasts the fowls of the air  & the fishes of the Sea & not one hair neither moat [mote]  shall be lost for it is the workmanship of mine hand  But Verily I say unto you before the Earth shall pass  away Michael mine Archangel shall sound his trump  & then shall all the dead awake for their graves shall  be opened & they shall come forth yea even all14

See Revelation 20:5.  


& the  righteous shall be gethered on my right hand unto eternal  life & the wicked on my left hand will I be ashamed to  own before the father Wherefore I will say unto them  depart from me ye cursed into everlasting fire prepared  for the devil & his Angels15

See Revelation 20:12–15; and Matthew 25:31–46.  


& now Behold I say unto you  never at any time have I declared from mine own mouth  that they should return for where I am they cannot come  for they have no power but remember that all my Judgem ents are not given unto men & as the words have gone  forth out of my mouth even so shall they be fulfilled  that the first shall be last & that the last shall be first  in all things16

See Matthew 19:30.  


Whatsoever I have created by the word of  my Power which is the Power of my spirit for by the  Power of my Spirit created I them yea all things both [p. 38]
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This revelation addressed the interest of some early church members in a Book of Mormon prophecy that described the physical gathering of God’s chosen people in America. The Book of Mormon explained that during Christ’s ministry in the Americas he prophesied that his chosen people would establish a sacred city, the New Jerusalem

The Book of Mormon indicated that, in preparation for Jesus Christ’s second coming, a city should be built on the American continent and called the New Jerusalem. The Book of Mormon further explained that the remnant of the seed of Joseph (understood to be...

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. According to the prophecies, “the remnant of Jacob,” which early church members identified as the American Indians, “and also, as many of the house of Israel as shall come” were to build this sacred city and gather to it, assisted by Gentiles who embraced the book’s message. Christ further prophesied that when the progeny of the people described in the Book of Mormon were taught “this Gospel” again, Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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would be established among them.1

Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 501, 566 [3 Nephi 21:23–26]; see also Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 496–502 [3 Nephi 20:10–22:17].  


According to the heading John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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gave this text in Revelation Book 1, the setting for this revelation was a gathering of “Six Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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of the Church & three members” who “understood from Holy Writ that the time had come that the People of God should see eye to eye.” The book of Isaiah declared that God’s people would “see eye to eye, when the Lord shall bring again Zion”; the Book of Mormon expressed the same sentiment and located Zion in the Americas.2

Isaiah 52:8; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 488, 498, 501 [3 Nephi 16:18; 20:32; 21:22–24].  


The heading seems to indicate, then, that this small group, believing that the Book of Mormon prophecy about Zion would soon be fulfilled, therefore “enquired of the Lord & thus came the word of the Lord through Joseph the seer.”
The revelation affirmed the imminent advent of the Millennium and declared that members of the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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were called to help gather God’s people before the great event. It then turned to the creation of the world and the nature of Adam’s fall, subjects JS had recently taken up in his Bible revision.3

See Faulring et al., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible, 63.  


According to the heading, the small group had differing views about “the death of Adam (that is his transgression).” Near the end of the text, the revelation addressed the question of whether God’s commandment to Adam to not partake of the forbidden fruit was spiritual or temporal by declaring, “All things unto me are Spiritual & not at any time have I given unto you a law which was temporal neither any man nor the childern of men Neither Adam your father whom I created.” Thus Adam’s “temporal” act of eating the forbidden fruit rendered him “spiritually dead.”
This revelation called for the gathering of God’s people at the same time that a significant controversy had emerged among the membership of the Church of Christ. In September 1830, JS was attempting to address the problems arising from Hiram Page

1800–12 Aug. 1852. Physician, farmer. Born in Vermont. Married Catherine Whitmer, 10 Nov. 1825, in Seneca Co., New York. One of the Eight Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, June 1829. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 11 Apr. 1830, at Seneca Lake,...

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announcing his own revelations, the authenticity of which was accepted by a number of prominent church members, including Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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and the Whitmer family.4

Newel Knight wrote that Page “had quite a roll of papers full of these revelations.” (Knight, History, 146; see Historical Introduction to Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28] for more information on Page’s revelations.)  


Page’s revelations, which concerned “the upbuilding of Zion, the order of the Church &c &c,”5

JS History, vol. A-1, 54.  


and this revelation’s call to gather God’s chosen people prompted another September revelation that clarified JS’s prophetic role as the sole revelator for the church, required Cowdery to correct Hiram Page, and called Cowdery to preach to American Indians in the West.6

Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:2, 8–9, 11]. JS’s history suggests that both revelations were received before the 26 September 1830 conference of the church. (See JS History, vol. A-1, 54–58.)  


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