53991683

Book of Abraham, Early 1842

it came to pass that it was from evening until morning, that they called night; and it came to pass that it was morning until evening, that they called day: and this was the second time, that they called night and day.
26. And the Gods ordered, saying, let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the earth come up dry, and it was so, as they ordered; and the Gods pronounced the earth dry, and the gathering together of the waters, pronounced they great waters: and the Gods saw that they were obeyed.— And the Gods said, let us prepare the earth to bring forth grass; the herb yielding seed; the fruit tree yielding fruit, after his kind, whose seed in itself yieldeth its own likeness upon the earth; and it was so even as they ordered. And the Gods organized the earth to bring forth grass from its own seed, and the herb to bring forth herb from its own seed, yielding seed after his kind, and the earth to bring forth the tree from its own seed, yielding fruit, whose seed could only bring forth the same, in itself, after his kind; and the Gods saw that they were obeyed. And it came to pass that they numbered the days; from the evening until the morning they called night. And it came to pass from the morning until the evening they called day; and it was the third time.
27. And the Gods organized the lights in the expanse of the heaven, and caused them to divide the day from the night; and organized them to be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and for years; and organized them to be for lights in the expanse of the heaven, to give light upon the earth; and it was so. And the Gods organized the two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; with the lesser light he set the stars, also; and the Gods set them in the expanse of the heavens, to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to cause to divide the light from the darkness. And the Gods watched those things which they had ordered, until they obeyed. And it came to pass, that it was from evening until morning, that it was night; and it came to pass that it was from morning until evening, that it was day; and it was the fourth time.
28. And the Gods said let us prepare the waters to bring forth abundantly the moving creatures that hath life; and the fowl that they may fly above the earth, in the open expanse of heaven. And the gods prepared the waters that they might bring forth great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters were to bring forth abundantly after their kind; and every winged fowl after their kind; and the Gods saw that they would be obeyed, and that their plan was good. And the Gods said we will bless them and cause them to be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, or great waters; and cause the fowl to multiply in the earth. And it came to pass that it was from evening until morning, that they called night; and it came to pass that it was from morning until evening, that they called day; and it was the fifth time.
29. And the Gods prepared the earth to bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle and creeping things, and beast of the earth after their kind; and it was so as they had said. And the Gods organized the earth to bring forth the beasts after their kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after their kind; and the Gods saw they would obey. And the Gods took counsel among themselves, and said, let us go down, and form man in our image, after our likeness, and we will give them dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing, that creepeth upon the earth. So the Gods went down to organize man in their own image, in the image of the Gods, to form they him, male and female, to form they them: and the Gods said we will bless them. And the Gods said we will cause them to be fruitful, and multiply and replenish the earth, and subdue it, and to have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. And the Gods said, behold, we will give them every herb bearing seed that shall come upon the face of all the earth, and every tree which shall have fruit upon it, yea the fruit of the tree, yielding seed to them we will give it, it shall be for their meat; and to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, behold we will give them life, and also we will give to them every [p. 721]
it came to pass that it was from evening  until morning, that they called night;  and it came to pass that it was mor ning until evening, that they called day:  and this was the second time, that they  called night and day.
26. And the Gods ordered, saying, let  the waters under the heaven be gathered  together unto one place, and let the earth  come up dry, and it was so, as they or dered; and the Gods pronounced the earth  dry, and the gathering together of the wa ters, pronounced they great waters: and  the Gods saw that they were obeyed.—  And the Gods said, let us prepare the  earth to bring forth grass; the herb yiel ding seed; the fruit tree yielding fruit,  after his kind, whose seed in itself yield eth its own likeness upon the earth; and  it was so even as they ordered. And the  Gods organized the earth to bring forth  grass from its own seed, and the herb to  bring forth herb from its own seed, yiel ding seed after his kind, and the earth to  bring forth the tree from its own seed,  yielding fruit, whose seed could only bring  forth the same, in itself, after his kind;  and the Gods saw that they were obeyed.  And it came to pass that they numbered  the days; from the evening until the mor ning they called night. And it came to  pass from the morning until the evening  they called day; and it was the third  time.
27. And the Gods organized the lights  in the expanse of the heaven, and caused  them to divide the day from the night;  and organized them to be for signs, and  for seasons, and for days, and for years;  and organized them to be for lights in the  expanse of the heaven, to give light upon  the earth; and it was so. And the Gods  organized the two great lights, the great er light to rule the day, and the lesser  light to rule the night; with the lesser  light he set the stars, also; and the Gods  set them in the expanse of the heavens,  to give light upon the earth, and to rule  over the day and over the night, and to  cause to divide the light from the dark ness. And the Gods watched those things  which they had ordered, until they obey ed. And it came to pass, that it was from  evening until morning, that it was night;  and it came to pass that it was from mor ning until evening, that it was day; and  it was the fourth time.
28. And the Gods said let us prepare  the waters to bring forth abundantly the  moving creatures that hath life; and the  fowl that they may fly above the earth,  in the open expanse of heaven. And  the gods prepared the waters that they  might bring forth great whales, and eve ry living creature that moveth, which the  waters were to bring forth abundantly  after their kind; and every winged fowl  after their kind; and the Gods saw that  they would be obeyed, and that their plan  was good. And the Gods said we will  bless them and cause them to be fruitful  and multiply, and fill the waters in the  seas, or great waters; and cause the fowl  to multiply in the earth. And it came  to pass that it was from evening until  morning, that they called night; and it  came to pass that it was from morning  until evening, that they called day; and it  was the fifth time.
29. And the Gods prepared the earth  to bring forth the living creature after  his kind, cattle and creeping things, and  beast of the earth after their kind; and it  was so as they had said. And the Gods  organized the earth to bring forth the  beasts after their kind, and cattle after  their kind, and every thing that creepeth  upon the earth after their kind; and the  Gods saw they would obey. And the  Gods took counsel among themselves,  and said, let us go down, and form man in  our image, after our likeness, and we  will give them dominion over the fish of  the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and  over the cattle, and over all the earth,  and over every creeping thing, that creep eth upon the earth. So the Gods went  down to organize man in their own im age, in the image of the Gods, to form  they him, male and female, to form they  them: and the Gods said we will bless  them. And the Gods said we will cause  them to be fruitful, and multiply and re plenish the earth, and subdue it, and to  have dominion over the fish of the sea,  and over the fowl of the air, and over ev ery living thing that moveth upon the  earth. And the Gods said, behold, we  will give them every herb bearing seed  that shall come upon the face of all the  earth, and every tree which shall have  fruit upon it, yea the fruit of the tree,  yielding seed to them we will give it, it  shall be for their meat; and to every beast  of the earth, and to every fowl of the  air, and to every thing that creepeth up on the earth, behold we will give them  life, and also we will give to them every [p. 721]
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As discussed in the general introduction to the Book of Abraham manuscripts on this website, JS and his scribes Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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spent considerable time in 1835 engaged in two separate yet related endeavors: a language-study effort that produced a number of Egyptian alphabet and grammar manuscripts; and the translation of the Book of Abraham, which yielded several Abraham manuscripts. However, none of their work related to Abraham appeared in print until 1842. At that time a portion, if not all, of the Abraham material available was published at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, in three installments of the Times and Seasons, two in March and one in May of that year as the Book of Abraham.
The Times and Seasons text featured here did not divide the material into chapters, but did include thirty-two numbered verses. In contrast, later publication of these Abraham texts, including those in use today, arrange the thirty-two verses of the Times and Seasons version into five chapters containing 136 shorter verses.
The first of the three printed installments, published on 1 March 1842, included the first thirteen verses (what is currently Abraham 1:1–2:18) of JS’s translation, plus facsimile 1. The second installment, published under date of 15 March but actually printed on 19 March (Woodruff, Journal, 19 Mar. 1842), included verses 14–32 (currently Abraham 2:19–5:21), plus facsimile 2. Neither of the first two installments featured hieratic characters in the left margin of the text, as did some earlier manuscripts. The third and final Times and Seasons installment of the Book of Abraham was published on 16 May and featured only facsimile 3.
A document (Willard Richards Copy of Abraham Manuscript, Early 1842–A [Abraham 1:1–2:18]) produced in late 1841 or early 1842 in Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s handwriting likely served as a printer’s manuscript for the first installment described above (verses 1–13 and facsimile 1; currently Abraham 1:1–2:18). A second document (Willard Richards Copy of Abraham Manuscript, Early 1842–B [Abraham 3:18–26], also in Richards’s hand, probably served as a printer’s manuscript for the second installment (verses 14–23; currently Abraham 3:18–26). Manuscripts for the contents of both facsimile 3 and the last nine verses in the Times and Seasons version of the Book of Abraham (currently Abraham 4:3–5:21) are not extant.
Evidence from multiple sources suggests that JS may have produced other Abraham material that is no longer extant. However, JS did not subsequently publish any additional Abraham texts. (Hauglid, Textual History of the Book of Abraham, 5–6.)

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