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History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

February prisoners, but the hardness of their hearts would not admit of so charitable a deed— but they continued to importune at the feet of the Judges, and also to visit the prisoners, and no one of the ruling part of the community disputed the innocence of the prisoners, but said, in consequence of the fury of the mob, that even handed justice could not be administered, they were therefore compelled to abandon the idea of importuning at the feet of the Judges, and leave the prisoners in the hands of God.

26 February 1839 • Tuesday

26 Isaac Galland

15 May 1791–27 Sept. 1858. Merchant, postmaster, land speculator, doctor. Born at Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Matthew Galland and Hannah Fenno. Married first Nancy Harris, 22 Mar. 1811, in Madison Co., Ohio. Married second Margaret Knight, by 1816....

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’s Letter Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

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Ill. Feb. 26. 1839.
“Mr. David W. Rogers. Dear Sir— Yours of the 11th. inst. was received yesterday, I perceive that it had been written before your brethren visited my house— I had also wrote to Mr. Israel Barlow before I received yours, and which is herewith also sent. I wish here to remark that about 10 or 15 houses or cabins can be had in this neighborhood, and several farms may be rented here. On the Half breed lands I think that more than 50 families can be accommodated with places to dwell in, but not a great quantity of cultivated land, as the improvements on that tract are generally new, there are however several farms which can also be rented. Since writing to Mr. Barlow, I have conversed with a friend of mine, who has also conversed with Governor Robert Lucas of Iowa Territory

Area originally part of Louisiana Purchase, 1803. First permanent white settlements established, ca. 1833. Organized as territory, 1838, containing all of present-day Iowa, much of present-day Minnesota, and parts of North and South Dakota. Population in ...

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in relation to your Church and people. Governor Lucas says, that the people called Mormons, were good citizens of the State of Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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, and that he respects them now, as good and virtuous Citizens, and feels disposed to treat them as such. I wish also to say through you, to your people, that Isaac Van Allen Esqre. the Attorney General of Iowa Territory

Area originally part of Louisiana Purchase, 1803. First permanent white settlements established, ca. 1833. Organized as territory, 1838, containing all of present-day Iowa, much of present-day Minnesota, and parts of North and South Dakota. Population in ...

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, is a personal, and tried friend of mine, and I feel fully authorized from a conversation which I have had with him on the subject to say, that I can assure you of his utmost endeavors to protect you from insult or violence. I will here repeat what I have wrote to Mr. Barlow, that I do believe, that under a territorial form of government which is directly connected with the general government of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, your Church will be better secured against the capriciousness of public opinion, than under a state government, where murder, rapine and robbery are admirable traits in the character of a demagogue: and where the greatest villains often reach the highest offices. I have wrote to Governor Lucas on the subject, and when I receive his answer, I will communicate it to your Church. I desire very much to know how your captive brethren in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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are faring— I should like to know if Joseph Smith Jr. is at liberty, or not, and what his prospects are. I shall be at Carthage

Located eighteen miles southeast of Nauvoo. Settled 1831. Designated Hancock Co. seat, Mar. 1833. Incorporated as town, 27 Feb. 1837. Population in 1839 about 300. Population in 1844 about 400. Site of anti-Mormon meetings and resolutions, early 1840s. Site...

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, our County

Formed from Pike Co., 1825. Described in 1837 as predominantly prairie and “deficient in timber.” Early settlers came mainly from mid-Atlantic and southern states. Population in 1835 about 3,200; in 1840 about 9,900; and in 1844 at least 15,000. Carthage ...

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Seat, during the fore part of next week, and soon after that (perhaps the next week following) I expect to go to Burlington

Located in southeastern Iowa on west bank of Mississippi River. Site selected for construction of fort, 1805. Area settled, ca. 1833, by Europeans. Laid out, 1834. Incorporated 1837. Designated capital of Wisconsin Territory, 1837; capital of Iowa Territory...

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I.T. when I expect to see the Governor and converse with him on the subject, I will probably be at home from the 6th. until the 12th. of March— I shall be pleased to see you, or any of your people, at my house at any time, when you can make it convenient. It is now necessary that something definite should be done in relation to renting farms, as the season for commencing such operations is fast approaching us. A Mr. Whitney a Merchant in Quincy

Located on high limestone bluffs east of Mississippi River, about forty-five miles south of Nauvoo. Settled 1821. Adams Co. seat, 1825. Incorporated as town, 1834. Received city charter, 1840. Population in 1835 about 800; in 1840 about 2,300; and in 1845...

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is owner or proprietor of several farms in this vicinity, and it might be well to see him on the subject— I wish to serve your cause in any matter which providence may afford me the opportunity of doing, and I therefore [p. 887]
<February> prisoners, but the hardness of their hearts would not admit of so charitable a deed—  but they continued to importune at the feet of the Judges, and also to visit the  prisoners, and no one of the ruling part of the community disputed the innocence  of the prisoners, but said, in consequence of the fury of the mob, that even handed  justice could not be administered, they were therefore compelled to abandon  the idea of importuning at the feet of the Judges, and leave the prisoners in the  hands of God.

26 February 1839 • Tuesday

<26  [Isaac] Galland

15 May 1791–27 Sept. 1858. Merchant, postmaster, land speculator, doctor. Born at Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Matthew Galland and Hannah Fenno. Married first Nancy Harris, 22 Mar. 1811, in Madison Co., Ohio. Married second Margaret Knight, by 1816....

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’s Letter> Commerce

Located near middle of western boundary of state, bordering Mississippi River. European Americans settled area, 1820s. From bank of river, several feet above high-water mark, ground described as nearly level for six or seven blocks before gradually sloping...

More Info
Ill. Feb. 26. 1839.
“Mr. D[avid] W. Rogers. Dear Sir— Yours of the 11th. inst.  was received yesterday, I perceive that it had been written before your brethren  visited my house— I had also wrote to Mr. [Israel] Barlow before I received yours, and which  is herewith also sent. I wish here to remark that about 10 or 15 houses or cabins  can be had in this neighborhood, and several farms may be rented here. On the  Half breed lands I think that more than 50 families can be accommodated with  places to dwell in, but not a great quantity of cultivated land, as the improvements  on that tract are generally new, there are however several farms which can also  be rented. Since writing to Mr. Barlow, I have conversed with a friend of mine,  who has also conversed with Governor [Robert] Lucas of Iowa Territory

Area originally part of Louisiana Purchase, 1803. First permanent white settlements established, ca. 1833. Organized as territory, 1838, containing all of present-day Iowa, much of present-day Minnesota, and parts of North and South Dakota. Population in ...

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in relation to your  Church and people. Governor Lucas says, that the people called Mormons,  were good citizens of the State of Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

More Info
, and that he respects them now, as good  and virtuous Citizens, and feels disposed to treat them as such. I wish  also to say through you, to your people, that Isaac Van Allen Esqre. the Attorney  General of Iowa Territory

Area originally part of Louisiana Purchase, 1803. First permanent white settlements established, ca. 1833. Organized as territory, 1838, containing all of present-day Iowa, much of present-day Minnesota, and parts of North and South Dakota. Population in ...

More Info
, is a personal, and tried friend of mine, and I feel  fully authorized from a conversation which I have had with him on the subject  to say, that I can assure you of his utmost endeavors to protect you from insult  or violence. I will here repeat what I have wrote to Mr. Barlow, that I do  believe, that under a territorial form of government which is directly connected  with the general government of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
, your Church will be better  secured against the capriciousness of public opinion, than under a state  government, where murder, rapine and robbery are admirable traits in the  character of a demagogue: and where the greatest villains often reach the  highest offices. I have wrote to Governor Lucas on the subject, and when  I receive his answer, I will communicate it to your Church. I desire very much  to know how your captive brethren in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
are faring— I should like to  know if Joseph Smith Jr. is at liberty, or not, and what his prospects are.  I shall be at Carthage

Located eighteen miles southeast of Nauvoo. Settled 1831. Designated Hancock Co. seat, Mar. 1833. Incorporated as town, 27 Feb. 1837. Population in 1839 about 300. Population in 1844 about 400. Site of anti-Mormon meetings and resolutions, early 1840s. Site...

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, our County

Formed from Pike Co., 1825. Described in 1837 as predominantly prairie and “deficient in timber.” Early settlers came mainly from mid-Atlantic and southern states. Population in 1835 about 3,200; in 1840 about 9,900; and in 1844 at least 15,000. Carthage ...

More Info
Seat, during the fore part of next week, and  soon after that (perhaps the next week following) I expect to go to Burlington

Located in southeastern Iowa on west bank of Mississippi River. Site selected for construction of fort, 1805. Area settled, ca. 1833, by Europeans. Laid out, 1834. Incorporated 1837. Designated capital of Wisconsin Territory, 1837; capital of Iowa Territory...

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I.T.  when I expect to see the Governor and converse with him on the subject, I will  probably be at home from the 6th. until the 12th. of March— I shall be pleased to  see you, or any of your people, at my house at any time, when you can make it  convenient. It is now necessary that something definite should be done in relation  to renting farms, as the season for commencing such operations is fast approaching us.  A Mr. Whitney a Merchant in Quincy

Located on high limestone bluffs east of Mississippi River, about forty-five miles south of Nauvoo. Settled 1821. Adams Co. seat, 1825. Incorporated as town, 1834. Received city charter, 1840. Population in 1835 about 800; in 1840 about 2,300; and in 1845...

More Info
is owner or proprietor of several farms in this  vicinity, and it might be well to see him on the subject— I wish to serve your cause  in any matter which providence may afford me the opportunity of doing, and I therefore [p. 887]
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JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. C-1, created 24 Feb. 1845–3 July 1845; handwriting of Thomas Bullock, Franklin D. Richards

2 Apr. 1821–9 Dec. 1899. Carpenter, businessman, newspaper editor. Born at Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Phinehas Richards and Wealthy Dewey. Raised Congregationalist. Baptized into LDS church by Phinehas Richards, 3 June 1838, at Richmond...

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, Jonathan Grimshaw, and Leo Hawkins; 512 pages, plus 24 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the third volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This third volume covers the period from 2 November 1838 to 31 July 1842; the remaining five volumes, labeled A-1, B-1, D-1, E-1 and F-1, continue through 8 August 1844.

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