27467

Journal, 1835–1836

filled with prejudice against the work of the Lord and their minds blinded with superstition & ignorence &c186

JS’s 1834–1836 history states that JS and Rich visited Cowdery to meet with his relatives. These may have included his brother-in-law, Winslow Wilbur, whom Cowdery later described as “very stubborn, and ignorent, and withal far from God.” Members of Cowdery’s immediate family had recently joined the church. (JS History, 1834–1836, 163; Cowdery, Diary, 25 Feb. 1836; Revelation, 25 Nov. 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 99, 1835 ed. [D&C 106]; Minute Book 1, 15 Jan. 1836; Backman, Profile, 19, 26, 80.)  


24 December 1835 • Thursday

Thirsday 24th At home in the forenoon187

JS History, 1834–1836, 163, adds: “in reading, meditation, & prayer.”  


in the afternoon assisted in running out a road across my farm by the commissionor who were appointd by the court for the same—188

The county board of commissioners had appointed a surveyor, Levi Edson, and a committee of three others to lay out the road. (Geauga Co., OH, Board of Commissioners, Road Records, 1806–1884, vol. C, pp. 327–328, microfilm Mar. 1836, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.)  


25 December 1835 • Friday

Fryday 25th. At home all this day and enjoyed myself with my family it being Christmas day the only time I have had this privelige so satisfactorily for a long time

26 December 1835 • Saturday

Saturday 26 commenced studeing the Hebrew Language in company with bros Parish Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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& Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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189

JS’s 1834–1836 history clarifies that on this day JS “commenced regularly, & systematically, to study the venerable Hebrew language; we had paid some little attention to it before.” (JS History, 1834–1836, 163.)  


in the mean time bro Lyman Sherman

22 May 1804–ca. 15 Feb. 1839. Born at Monkton, Addison Co., Vermont. Son of Elkanah Sherman and Asenath Hurlbut. Married Delcena Didamia Johnson, 16 Jan. 1829, at Pomfret, Chautauque Co., New York. Baptized into LDS church, Jan. 1832. Located at Kirtland,...

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came in and requested to have the word of the lord through me for said he I have been wrought upon to make known to you my feelings and desires and was promised that I should have a revelation which should make known my duty
last evening a brother from the east called upon me for instruction whose name is Jonathan Crosby

20 July 1807–12 June 1892. Farmer, carpenter, cabinetmaker. Born at Wendell, Franklin Co., Massachusetts. Son of Jonathan Crosby and Lois Barnes. Baptized into LDS church, 2 Dec. 1833. Married Caroline Barnes, 25 Oct. 1834, in Canada. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga...

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190

Crosby later recounted arriving in Kirtland in the evening and going to see JS, who was entertaining several people at a Christmas supper but welcomed Crosby and put him up for the night. (Jonathan Crosby, Autobiography, 13–14.)  


also in the course of the day two gentlemen called upon me while I was cutting wood at the door and requestd an interview with the heads of the church which I agreed to grant to them on Sunday morning the 27 Inst [p. 89]
filled with prejudice against the work of the Lord  and their minds blinded with superstition &  ignorence &c186

JS’s 1834–1836 history states that JS and Rich visited Cowdery to meet with his relatives. These may have included his brother-in-law, Winslow Wilbur, whom Cowdery later described as “very stubborn, and ignorent, and withal far from God.” Members of Cowdery’s immediate family had recently joined the church. (JS History, 1834–1836, 163; Cowdery, Diary, 25 Feb. 1836; Revelation, 25 Nov. 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 99, 1835 ed. [D&C 106]; Minute Book 1, 15 Jan. 1836; Backman, Profile, 19, 26, 80.)  


24 December 1835 • Thursday

Thirsday 24th  At home in the forenoon187

JS History, 1834–1836, 163, adds: “in reading, meditation, & prayer.”  


in the afternoon  assisted in running <out> a road across my farm  by the commissionor who were appointd by  the court for the same—188

The county board of commissioners had appointed a surveyor, Levi Edson, and a committee of three others to lay out the road. (Geauga Co., OH, Board of Commissioners, Road Records, 1806–1884, vol. C, pp. 327–328, microfilm Mar. 1836, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.)  


25 December 1835 • Friday

Fryday 25th.  At home all this day and enjoyed  myself with my family it being Christmas  day the only time I have had this  privelige so satisfactorily for a long time

26 December 1835 • Saturday

Saturday 26  commenced studeing the Hebrew Language  in company with bros Parish [Warren Parrish]

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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& [Frederick G.] Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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189

JS’s 1834–1836 history clarifies that on this day JS “commenced regularly, & systematically, to study the venerable Hebrew language; we had paid some little attention to it before.” (JS History, 1834–1836, 163.)  


 in the mean time bro Lyman Sher man

22 May 1804–ca. 15 Feb. 1839. Born at Monkton, Addison Co., Vermont. Son of Elkanah Sherman and Asenath Hurlbut. Married Delcena Didamia Johnson, 16 Jan. 1829, at Pomfret, Chautauque Co., New York. Baptized into LDS church, Jan. 1832. Located at Kirtland,...

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came in and requested to have  the word of the lord through me for  said he I have been wrought upon  to make known to you my feelings  and desires and was promised to have  that I should have a revelation and  which should make known my duty
last evening a brother from the  east called upon me for instruction whose  name is Jonathan Crosby

20 July 1807–12 June 1892. Farmer, carpenter, cabinetmaker. Born at Wendell, Franklin Co., Massachusetts. Son of Jonathan Crosby and Lois Barnes. Baptized into LDS church, 2 Dec. 1833. Married Caroline Barnes, 25 Oct. 1834, in Canada. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga...

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190

Crosby later recounted arriving in Kirtland in the evening and going to see JS, who was entertaining several people at a Christmas supper but welcomed Crosby and put him up for the night. (Jonathan Crosby, Autobiography, 13–14.)  


also in the course of the day a two gentlemen  called upon me while I was cutting  wood at the door and requestd an  interview with the heads of the church  which I agreed to grant to them  on Sunday morning the 27 Inst [p. 89]
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JS, “Sketch Book for the use of Joseph Smith, jr.,” Journal, Sept. 1835–Apr. 1836; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, an unidentified scribe, Sylvester Smith

25 Mar. 1806–22 Feb. 1880. Farmer, carpenter, lawyer, realtor. Born at Tyringham, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Chileab Smith and Nancy Marshall. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1815. Married Elizabeth Frank, 27 Dec. 1827, likely in Chautauque...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, JS, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; 195 pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking.
The text block consists of 114 leaves—including single flyleaves and pastedowns in the front and back—measuring 12¼ x 8 inches (31 x 20 cm). The 110 interior leaves are ledger paper with thirty-four lines in faint—and now faded—black ink that has turned brown. There are nine gatherings of various sizes—each about a dozen leaves per gathering. The text block is sewn all along over cloth tapes. The front and back covers of the journal are pasteboard. The ledger has a tight-back case binding with a brown calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with dark green body and veins of light green. The bound volume measures 12⅜ x 8¼ inches (31 x 21 cm) and is 13/16 inches (2 cm) thick. One cover of the book is labeled “Repentence.” in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains eight lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to Repentince”. The spine has “No 8” inscribed upside up when the book is standing upright for this side. When the volume is turned upside down and flipped front to back, the other cover is titled “Sabbath Day” with “No 9” written beneath in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains two lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to the Sabbath day”. Thus the book was used to simultaneously house two volumes of topical notes on biblical passages. This book was apparently part of a larger series that included at least two other extant volumes—one bearing “Faith” and “10” on the cover, and the other bearing “Second Comeing of Christ” and “No 3” on one cover and “Gift of the Holy Ghost” on the other cover.1

“Grammar & Aphabet of the Egyptian Language,” Kirtland Egyptian Papers, ca. 1835–1836, CHL; Kirtland Elders Quorum, “Record”.  


In late 1835, JS and scribes began using the book to record his journal for 1835–1836, which begins on the recto of the second leaf of ledger paper. Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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added the title “Sketch Book” to the cover, beneath “Repentence.”.
The entire journal is inscribed in black ink that later turned brown. Pages 25, 51, 77, 103, 129, and 154 bear the marks of adhesive wafers that were probably used to attach manuscripts until they were copied into the journal. The journal was used in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, in 1843 as a major source in composing JS’s multivolume manuscript history of the church. At this time, redactions were made in ink and in graphite pencil, and use marks were made in graphite. Also, apparently in Nauvoo, the cover of the journal side of the book was marked with a “D” and then with a larger, stylized “D”. At some point a white paper spine label was added with “1835–6 <Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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> JOURNAL” hand printed or stenciled in black ink that later turned brown. The insertion “Kirtland” is written in graphite. Also, in the “Repentence” side of the volume, the rectos of the third through eighth leaves of ledger paper are numbered on the upper right-hand corners as 195, 197, 199, 201, 203, and 205—all written in graphite and apparently redactions. Except with regard to the title “Sketch Book”, none of the authors of the inscriptions mentioned previously have been identified. This volume is listed in Nauvoo and early Utah inventories of church records, indicating continuous custody.2

Historian’s Office, “Schedule of Church Records”; “Historian’s Office Catalogue,” [1], Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL; Johnson, Register of the Joseph Smith Collection, 7.  


Facts