History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

thy judgment be sent forth unto victory; and after this great tribulation let  thy blessing fall upon thy people, and let thy handmaid live till her soul  shall be satisfied in beholding the Glory of Zion; notwithstanding her present  affliction she shall yet arise and put on her beautiful garments, and be  the joy and glory of the whole Earth, therefore let your heart be comforted;  live in strict obedience to the commandments of God, and walk humble  before him and he will exalt thee in his own due time. I will assure  you that the Lord has respect unto the offering you made. Brother  David <W.> Pattin [Patten] has just returned from his tour to the East, and gives us  great satisfaction as to his ministry, he has raised up a church of  about eighty-three members in that part of the Country, where his  friends live, in the State of New York; many were healed through his  instrumentality, several cripples were restored, as many as twelve  that were afflicted came at a time from a distance to be healed;  he and others administered in the name of Jesus, and they were made  whole, thus you see, that the Laborers in the Lord’s Vineyard are laboring  with their mights, while the day lasts knowing the night soon cometh  when no man can work. (see page 345)

Addenda, Note A • 8 November 1832

Note A. About the 8th. of November I received a visit from Elders Joseph Young, Brigham  Young, and Heber C. Kimball from Mendon, Munroe County, New York.  They spent four or five days at Kirtland, during which we had many  interesting moments. At one of our interviews, Brother Brigham Young, and  John P. Greene spoke in Tongues, which was the first time I had heard this  Gift among the brethren, others also spoke, and I received the Gift myself.  Brother Joseph Young is a great man, but Brigham is a greater, and the time  will come when he will preside over the whole church. (see page 240)

Addenda, Note B • 25 May 1833

Thomas Bullock handwriting ends; Charles Wesley Wandell begins.  

Note B. May the 25, 1833. My uncle John Smith and family  arrived in Kirtland, from Potsdam New York, my uncle being  an Elder in the church, and his wife and eldest son George  A Smith, a lad of fifteen were members; they being the first  of my father’s relatives who obeyed the gospel. page 297.

Addenda, Note C • 1805–1820

Note C. Joseph Smith <Senr.> was born July 12th, 1771, in Topsfield, <Essex county> Massachusetts:  his father Asael Smith, was born March 7th 1744 in Topsfield <Massachusetts>  his father Samuel Smith was born Jan’y 26th 1714 in Topsfield, Massachusetts  his father Samuel Smith was born Jan’y 26th 1666, Topsfield  his father Robert Smith came from England. page 1. [p. 2 [addenda]]
This document, volume A-1, is the first of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. Volume A-1 encompasses the period from JS’s birth in 1805 to 30 August 1834, just after the return of the Camp of Israel (later known as Zion’s Camp) from Missouri to Kirtland, Ohio. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
In April 1838 JS renewed his effort to draft a “history” with the aid of his counselor Sidney Rigdon. George W. Robinson served as scribe. JS’s journal for late April and early May 1838 notes six days on which JS, Rigdon, and Robinson were engaged in “writing history.” Though not completed and no longer extant, that draft laid the foundation for what became a six-volume manuscript eventually published as the “History of Joseph Smith,” and at least a portion of its contents are assumed to have been included in the manuscript presented here.
On 11 June 1839 in Commerce, Illinois, JS once again began dictating his “history.” James Mulholland now served as scribe. Apparently the narrative commenced where the earlier 1838 draft left off. When work was interrupted in July 1839, Mulholland inscribed the draft material, including at least some of Robinson’s earlier material, into a large record book already containing the text of an incomplete history previously produced over a span of two years, 1834–1836. For the new history, Mulholland simply turned the ledger over and began at the back of the book. The volume was later labeled A-1 on its spine, identifying it as the first of multiple volumes of the manuscript history.
Prior to his untimely death on 3 November 1839, Mulholland recorded the first fifty-nine pages in the volume. Subsequently, his successor, Robert B. Thompson, contributed about sixteen more pages before his death in August 1841. William W. Phelps then added a little over seventy-five pages. However, it was not until Willard Richards was appointed JS’s “private secretary and historian” that substantial progress was made on the compilation of the history. Richards would contribute the remainder of the text inscribed in the 553-page first volume. The narrative recorded in A-1 was completed in August 1843. Thomas Bullock and Charles Wandell subsequently added sixteen pages of “Addenda” material, which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated. For instance, several of the addenda expanded on the account of the Camp of Israel as initially recorded.
JS dictated or supplied information for much of A-1, and he personally corrected the first forty-two pages before his death. As planned, his historian-scribes maintained the first-person, chronological narrative format initially established in the volume. When various third-person accounts were drawn upon, they were generally converted to the first person, as if JS was directly relating the account. After JS’s death, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, George A. Smith, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” At the time of JS’s death only the history through December 1831 had been published. When the final issue of the Times and Seasons, dated 15 February 1846 appeared, the account had been carried forward through August 1834—the end of the material recorded in A-1. The “History of Joseph Smith” was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
Aside from the material dictated or supplied by JS prior to his murder, the texts for A-1 and for the history’s subsequent volumes were drawn from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. The narrative in A-1 provides JS’s personal account of the foundational events of his life as a prophet and the early progress of the church. It also encompasses contentions and disputations that erupted between the Latter-day Saints and their neighbors in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Missouri. While it remains difficult to distinguish JS’s own contributions from composition of his historian-scribes, the narrative trenchantly captures the poignancy and intensity of his life while offering an enlightening account of the birth of the church he labored to establish.