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Statement on Marriage, circa August 1835

SECTION CI.
MARRIAGE.
1 According to the custom of all civilized nations, marriage is regulated by laws and ceremonies: therefore we believe, that all marriages in this church of Christ of Latter Day Saints

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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, should be solemnized in a public meeting, or feast, prepared for that purpose: and that the solemnization should be performed by a presiding high priest, high priest

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
, bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, he functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
, elder

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
, or priest

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. In the Book of Mormon, priests were described as those who baptized, administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto the church,” and taught “the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.” A June 1829 revelation directed...

View Glossary
, not even prohibiting those persons who are desirous to get married, of being married by other authority. We believe that it is not right to prohibit members of this church from marrying out of the church, if it be their determination so to do, but such persons will be considered weak in the faith of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
2 Marriage should be celebrated with prayer and thanksgiving; and at the solemnization, the persons to be married, standing together, the man on the right, and the woman on the left, shall be addressed, by the person officiating, as he shall be directed by the holy Spirit; and if there be no legal objections, he shall say, calling each by their names: “You both mutually agree to be each other’s companion, husband and wife, observing the legal rights belonging to this condition; that is, keeping yourselves wholly for each other, and from all others, during your lives.” And when they have answered “Yes,” he shall pronounce them “husband and wife” in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and by virtue of the laws of the country and authority vested in him: “may God add his blessings and keep you to fulfill your covenants from henceforth and forever. Amen.”
3 The clerk of every church should keep a record of all marriages, solemnized in his branch

An ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. A branch was generally smaller than a stake or a conference. Branches were also referred to as churches, as in “the Church of Shalersville.” In general, branches were led by a presiding...

View Glossary
.
4 All legal contracts of marriage made before a person is baptized

An ordinance in which an individual is immersed in water for the remission of sins. The Book of Mormon explained that those with necessary authority were to baptize individuals who had repented of their sins. Baptized individuals also received the gift of...

View Glossary
into this church, should be held sacred and fulfilled. Inasmuch as this church of Christ has been reproached with the crime of fornication, and polygamy: we declare that we believe, that one man should have one wife; and one woman, but one husband, except in case of death, when either is at liberty to marry again. It is not right to persuade a woman to be baptized contrary to the will of her husband, neither is it lawful to influence her to leave her husband. All children are bound by law to obey their parents; and to influence them to embrace any religious faith, or be baptized, or leave their parents without their consent, is unlawful and unjust. We believe that all persons who exercise control over their fellow [p. 251]
SECTION CI.
MARRIAGE.
1 According to the custom of all civilized nations, marriage  is regulated by laws and ceremonies: therefore we believe,  that all marriages in this church of Christ of Latter Day Saints

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
,  should be solemnized in a public meeting, or feast, prepared  for that purpose: and that the solemnization should be perfor med by a presiding high priest, high priest

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
, bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, he functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
, elder

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
, or  priest

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. In the Book of Mormon, priests were described as those who baptized, administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto the church,” and taught “the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.” A June 1829 revelation directed...

View Glossary
, not even prohibiting those persons who are desirous to  get married, of being married by other authority. We believe  that it is not right to prohibit members of this church from  marrying out of the church, if it be their determination so to  do, but such persons will be considered weak in the faith of  our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
2 Marriage should be celebrated with prayer and thanksgiv ing; and at the solemnization, the persons to be married, stand ing together, the man on the right, and the woman on the  left, shall be addressed, by the person officiating, as he shall be  directed by the holy Spirit; and if there be no legal objections,  he shall say, calling each by their names: “You both mutual ly agree to be each other’s companion, husband and wife, ob serving the legal rights belonging to this condition; that is,  keeping yourselves wholly for each other, and from all others,  during your lives.” And when they have answered “Yes,”  he shall pronounce them “husband and wife” in the name of  the Lord Jesus Christ, and by virtue of the laws of the coun try and authority vested in him: “may God add his blessings  and keep you to fulfill your covenants from henceforth and  forever. Amen.”
3 The clerk of every church should keep a record of all mar riages, solemnized in his branch

An ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. A branch was generally smaller than a stake or a conference. Branches were also referred to as churches, as in “the Church of Shalersville.” In general, branches were led by a presiding...

View Glossary
.
4 All legal contracts of marriage made before a person is bap tized

An ordinance in which an individual is immersed in water for the remission of sins. The Book of Mormon explained that those with necessary authority were to baptize individuals who had repented of their sins. Baptized individuals also received the gift of...

View Glossary
into this church, should be held sacred and fulfilled. In asmuch as this church of Christ has been reproached with  the crime of fornication, and polygamy: we declare that we be lieve, that one man should have one wife; and one woman,  but one husband, except in case of death, when either is at  liberty to marry again. It is not right to persuade a woman  to be baptized contrary to the will of her husband, neither is it  lawful to influence her to leave her husband. All children are  bound by law to obey their parents; and to influence them to  embrace any religious faith, or be baptized, or leave their pa rents without their consent, is unlawful and unjust. We be lieve that all persons who exercise control over their fellow [p. 251]
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Statement on Marriage, Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, OH, ca. Aug. 1835; in Doctrine and Covenants, 1835 ed., pp. 251–252.

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